This Day in History – 11 Kislev/November 19

Reagan and Gorbachev at the Geneva Summit in 1985.

11 Kislev

In 5703/1942, 7,000 Jews of Minsk were executed by the Nazis. Hy”d.


5495/1734, Harav Yehoshua Katz, Rav in Cracow, zt”l

5523/1762, Harav Yaakov Yitzchak Halevi of Pressburg, zt”l, mechaber of Imrei Ravreve

5546/1785, Harav Simchah, Rav of Dessau, zt”l

5622/1861, Harav Yechiel, zt”l, Rav of Sovalk, mechaber of Amudei Ohr

5734/1973, Harav Hershel Friedman of Munkacs, Rosh Yeshivah of Nachlas Tzvi, mechaber of Chemdas Tzvi.


Harav Yitzchak Friedman Of Sadigura-Rimanov, Zy”a

Harav Yitzchak Friedman was born in the town of Sadigura. His parents were grandchildren of Harav Yisrael, the Holy Ruzhiner Rebbe, zy”a. The Rebbe was also a great-grandson of Harav Aharon Hagadol of Karlin, and a fifth-generation descendant of Harav Avraham Yehoshua Heschel of Apt, zechusam yagein aleinu.

In 5663/1903 he married the daughter of Harav Asher Yeshayah Horowitz of Rimanov, zy”a, a descendant of Harav Naftali Tzvi of Ropshitz, zy”a, and settled in Rimanov.

With the passing of his father, all the brothers became Rebbes in various towns. The Rebbe himself established his chassidic court in the town of Rimanov.

During World War I the Rebbe and his family, along with many of the other Rebbes, fled to Vienna.

In 5684/1924 the Rebbe sailed to the United States to be mechazek his Chassidim in New York and to raise money for the Sadigerer mosdos in Europe. He passed away several months later, on the 11th of Kislev. It is reported that after going to the mikveh in the morning he came down with pneumonia and was immediately hospitalized. As the illness progressed, the Rebbe felt that his life was coming to an end. He started singing the naanuim melody of Ruzhiner Chassidim, and with that he passed away.

Over 20,000 mourners followed his aron to his final resting place at the Mount Zion Cemetery on the Queens-Brooklyn border. A large ohel marks his grave.

The Nazis murdered the Rebbetzin, Hy”d, in the town of Rimanov in Elul 1941, but the Rebbe’s children were able to relocate to the United States after World War II.

Zechuso yagein aleinu.

Directions to the tziyun at Mount Zion Cemetery:

59-63 54th Avenue, Maspeth, NY, 11378

Friedman, Harav Yitzchok

Sadigerer-Rimanover Rebbe

Main entrance on 54th Avenue (off Maurice Avenue)

Proceed to Right Section, Path 22.

Left on Path 22 (on foot) about 150 feet, first ohel on the left (Gate 4).

The ohel is always locked; stop at the office for a key. They request a deposit.

Nov. 19

In 1863, President Abraham Lincoln dedicated a national cemetery at the site of the Civil War battlefield of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania.

In 1919, the Senate rejected the Treaty of Versailles by a vote of 55 in favor, 39 against, short of the two-thirds majority needed for ratification.

In 1959, Ford Motor Co. announced it was halting production of the unpopular Edsel.

In 1969, Apollo 12 astronauts Charles Conrad and Alan Bean made the second manned landing on the moon.

In 1985, President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev met for the first time as they began their summit in Geneva.