This Day in History – 11 Kislev/December 3

In 5703/1942, 7,000 Jews of Minsk, Hy”d, were executed by the Nazis.


5495/1734, Harav Yehoshua Katz, Rav in Cracow, zt”l

5523/1762, Harav Yaakov Yitzchak Halevi of Pressburg, zt”l, mechaber of Imrei Ravreve

5546/1785, Harav Simchah of Dessau, zt”l

5622/1861, Harav Yechiel, zt”l, Rav of Sovalk, mechaber of Amudei Ohr

5734/1973, Harav Hershel Friedman of Munkacs, Rosh Yeshivah of Nachlas Tzvi, mechaber of Chemdas Tzvi.


5685/1924, Harav Yitzchak Friedman of Sadigura-Rimanov, zt”l

Harav Yitzchak Friedman was born in the town of Sadigura. His parents were grandchildren of Harav Yisrael, the Holy RuzhinerRebbe; the Rebbe was also a great-grandson of Harav Aharon Hagadol of Karlin, and a fifth-generation descendant of Harav Avraham Yehoshua Heschel of Apta.

In 5663/1903 he married the daughter of Harav Asher Yeshayah Horowitz of Rimanov, a descendant of Harav Naftali Tzvi of Ropshitz, and settled in Rimanov.

In 5663/1903, with the passing of his father, all the brothers became Rebbes in various towns. The Rebbe himself established his chassidic court in the town of Rimanov.

During World War I, the Rebbe and his family, along with many of the other Ruzhiner Rebbes, fled to Vienna.

In 5684/1924 the Rebbe sailed to the United States to be mechazek his Chassidim in New York and to raise money for the Sadigura mosdos in Europe. He passed away several months later, on 11 Kislev. It is reported that, after going to the mikveh in the morning, he came down with pneumonia and was immediately hospitalized. As the illness progressed, the Rebbe felt that his life was coming to an end. He started singing the naanuim melody of Ruzhiner Chassidim, and with that he passed away.

Over 20,000 mourners followed his aron to his final resting place at the Mount Zion Cemetery on the Queens-Brooklyn border. A large ohel marks his grave.

The Nazis murdered the Rebbetzin in the town of Rimanov in Elul1941, but the Rebbe’s children were able to relocate to the United States after World War II.

Directions to Mount Zion Cemetery:

59-63 54th Avenue Maspeth, N.Y. 11378

Friedman, Harav Yitzchok (1886– 1925)

Sadigurer-Rimanover Rebbe

Main entrance on 54th Avenue (off Maurice Avenue)

Proceed to Right Section Path 22

Left on Path 22 (on foot) about 150 feet, first ohel on the left (Gate 4)

The ohel is always locked; stop at the office for a key. They request a deposit.


Dec. 3

In 1810, British forces captured Mauritius from the French, who had renamed the island nation off southeast Africa “Ile de France.”

In 1818, Illinois was admitted as the 21st state.

In 1828, Andrew Jackson was elected president of the United States by the Electoral College.

In 1967, surgeons in Cape Town, South Africa, led by Dr. Christiaan Barnard, performed the first human heart transplant on Louis Washkansky, who lived 18 days with the new heart.

In 1984, thousands of people died after a cloud of methyl isocyanate gas escaped from a pesticide plant operated by a Union Carbide subsidiary in Bhopal, India.

In 1991, terrorists in Lebanon released American hostage Alann Steen, held nearly five years.