In 2490, Yehoshua led Bnei Yisrael across the Jordan River. As they approached the river with the aron kodesh carried by the Kohanim, the river split for them. After the crossing, Yehoshua erected 12 monuments in Gilgal.
In 5703/1943, Hungarian Jews were forced to begin wearing the infamous yellow Star of David under Nazi occupation.
2489, Miriam Hanevia, at the age of 126. At her petirah, the well from which Bnei Yisrael drank in the Midbar dried up; but it was restored in the zechus of Moshe and Aharon. This well is located today in the Kinneret (Maseches Shabbos, Daf 35). In Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 580:2 it states that today is a Taanis Tzaddikim in commemoration of her yahrtzeit.
5440/1680, Harav Shmuel Shmelke, Rav of Ostra’ah.
Harav Shalom Mashash, Zt”l, Sephardic Rav of Yerushalayim
Rav Mashash published many sefarim including She’eilos Uteshuvos Shemesh Umagen, Mimizrach Shemesh, and Tevuos Hashemesh. He was an erudite author who wrote on all facets of the Torah.
Despite his mastery, he never rushed to issue a psak but would spend days and nights reviewing relevant halachic rulings.
His davening was awe-inspiring. He pronounced each word as if he was counting his money.
Rav Mashash distanced himself from discord and politics, and strove to be in harmony with Yerushalayim’s various communities.
His Torah activities continued until his petirah. In the last week of his life he completed writing his work Vecham Hashemesh.
Yehi zichro baruch.
In 1892, the General Electric Company was organized.
In 1899, Thomas Edison organized the Edison Portland Cement Company.
In 1923, insulin became generally available for people who have diabetes.
In 1945, during World War II, British and Canadian troops liberated the Nazi concentration camp Bergen-Belsen.
In 1994, the World Trade Organization was established.