This Day In History 10 Cheshvan/October 30

Patent Drawing of the time clock.

10 Cheshvan


1656/2106 B.C.E., Mesushelach was niftar seven days before the Mabul began (according to some he was niftar on 11 Cheshvan). On this day Noach and his family entered the teivah.

2321/1441 B.C.E., Gad, son of Yaakov Avinu. He was also born on this date in 2196/1566 B.C.E.

5421/1660, Harav Yechiel Michel of Cracow, zt”l, mechaber of Seder Gittin

5510/1749, Harav Aryeh Leib of Stanislav, zt”l, mechaber of Nachlas Aryeh

5550/1789, Harav Meir, zt”l, Rav of Lvov and Ostroha, mechaber of Meir Nesivim

5587/1826, Harav Avraham Oppenheim, zt”l, mechaber of Eishel Avraham on Shulchan Aruch

5592/1831, Harav Yosef Meir, zt”l, Rav of Golina

5612/1851, Harav Yitzchak Schick, Rav of Karlin, zt”l, mechaber of Keren Orah

5633/1872, Harav Meir Shapit of Kobrin, zt”l, mechaber of Nir L’Yerushalmi

5726/1965, Harav Dov Berish Weidenfeld, the Tchebiner Rav, zt”l


Harav Shmuel Zanvil Klapfish, zt”l, Rav of Warsaw

Harav Shmuel Zanvil Klapfish was born in 5585/1825 in Nemirov. When he was still a young boy, his family moved to Warsaw.

He was a talmid of Harav Moshe Yehudah Leib Silberberg, zt”l, the Zayis Raanan, and received semichah from Harav Chaim Davidson, zt”l, Rav of Warsaw.

Reb Shmuel Zanvil married the daughter of Harav Mordechai, known as Reb Mottele, a Rav in Warsaw.

After the petirah of Harav Nosson (Reb Noske) Spiegelglass of Warsaw in 5633/1873, Reb Shmuel Zanvil was appointed his successor.

Reb Shmuel Zanvil headed a yeshivah in Warsaw, from which many leading talmidei chachamim emerged. He delivered a daily shiur of seven hours’ duration. Later, when the responsibility of Rav took more of his time, his shiur was only four hours long. Reb Shmuel Zanvil purposely located the yeshivah far from his home, so as not to be disturbed with she’eilos while saying shiur.

Many leading Gedolim addressed their she’eilos to Reb Shmuel Zanvil, among them the Chiddushei Harim, zt”l, who knew Reb Shmuel Zanvil from his days in Warsaw; Harav Yosef Ber, the Brisker Rav, zt”l; and Harav Dov Berish Meizlish, zt”l.

Reb Shmuel Zanvil was niftar on 10 Cheshvan 5662/1901, at the age of 76.

He had written chiddushei Torah on many masechtos and also many halachic teshuvos, but these were never printed.

His son was Harav Mordechai, Rav in Warsaw. His sons-in-law were Harav Shlomo Dovid Kahana, Harav Chaim Yehudah Leib Yudkowski and Harav Abba Chaim Miklishanski, all of whom served as Rabbanim in Warsaw; and Harav Chaim Fein, Rav in Radzin.

Zechuso yagein aleinu

Oct. 30

In 1817, the independent government of Venezuela was established by Simon Bolivar.

In 1864, Helena, Montana, was founded.

In 1894, the time clock was patented by Daniel M. Cooper of Rochester, N.Y.

In 1961, the Soviet Union tested a hydrogen bomb, the “Tsar Bomba,” with a force estimated at about 50 megatons.

In 1975, the New York Daily News ran the headline “Ford to City: Drop Dead” a day after President Gerald R. Ford said he would veto any proposed federal bailout of New York City.