This Day in History – 27 Tammuz/July 10

Shaar blatt of sefer Shem Olam.

27 Tammuz

In 5082/1322, France expelled all Jews for the third time.

In 5498/1738, a Jew and a Russian naval officer who had converted to Judaism, having been influenced and/or taught by that Jew, were both burned at the stake in St. Petersburg, Hy”d.


2310, according to some opinions, Yosef Hatzaddik. He was also born on this date in 2200. According to most opinions, he was born and was niftar on 2 Tammuz.

5593/1833, Harav Yitzchak Charif of Sambur, zt”l, mechaber of Pnei Yitzchak

5608/1848, Harav Nachum Tarbitch, zt”l, mechaber of Kovetz al HaRambam

5666/1906, Harav Yaakov Shaul Elyashar of Yerushalayim, zt”l, mechaber of Yisa Ish, Yisa Brachah and other sefarim.

5723/1963, Harav Yaakov Ades, zt”l

5739/1979, Harav Shmuel Rozovski, zt”l, Rosh Yeshivas Ponovezh


Harav Shmuel Aharon Rubin, zt”l, Rav of Kartshin

Harav Shmuel Aharon Rubin was born about 5584/1824 to Harav Tzvi Elazar, zt”l, a Dayan in Krakow. He was a descendant of (and named after) Harav Shmuel Aharon of Kaidonov, zt”l.

He learned under Harav Moshe Wolf Frenkel, zt”l, Rav of Pshevorsk and mechaber of Meishiv Kahalachah. After his marriage, he settled in Brigel, where his father-in-law lived, and became close to Harav Aryeh Lifschitz, zt”l, the Aryeh D’bei Ilai. Following the petirah of the Aryeh D’bei Ilai, he traveled to the court of the Divrei Chaim of Sanz, zy”a.

Rav Shmuel Aharon was also close with the leading Poskim of his time, especially Harav Yosef Shaul Natansohn, zt”l, who wrote him many halachic responsa, and gave a warm haskamah to his sefer Beis Aharon on hilchos Gittin.

In 5625/1865, Rav Shmuel Aharon was appointed Rav of Zvarow, and a short while later, of Kartshin. The Divrei Chaim, together with Harav Tzvi Hirsch of Rimanov, zy”a, wrote a letter to the kehillah of Kartshin in praise of their new Rav.

Rav Shmuel Aharon wrote several sefarim: Beis Aharon on Gittin; Haggadah Shel Pesach Lachma Anya; Psikta Rabbasi with a commentary; She’eilos U’Teshuvos Shem Olam; Drashos Beis Aharon, and others.

He was niftar on 27 Tammuz 5637/1877 in Karlsbad and buried in Cracow, near the kever of his father.

Zecher tzaddik livrachah.

July 10

In 1940, during World War II, the Battle of Britain began, as the Luftwaffe started attacking southern England. (The Royal Air Force was ultimately victorious.)

In 1890, Wyoming became the 44th state.

President Woodrow Wilson

In 1919, President Woodrow Wilson personally delivered the Treaty of Versailles to the Senate and urged its ratification. The Senate rejected it.

In 1929, American paper currency was reduced in size, as the government began issuing bills that were approximately 25 percent smaller.