Volunteer Uncovers Rare Ancient Gold Bead in Yerushalayim


The gold bead found in Ir David. (Kobi Harati/Ir David)

A unique, pure gold bead dating at least 1,600 years ago has been uncovered in the Emek Tzurim National Park in Yerushalayim, the Israel Antiquities Authority revealed on Wednesday.

The bead was found in dirt removed from a Roman structure discovered during the Pilgrimage Road Excavation. It was created using a unique technique that required delicate workmanship to affix tens of tiny balls together in the shape of a ring in order to create one ornament.

The relic was found by 18-year-old Hallel Feidman, who volunteers for the sifting project at the Archaeological Experience.

“I poured the pail onto the sieve and began to wash the material that was brought from the excavations in Ir David,” she recounted. “And then I saw something shiny in the corner of the sieve, different, that I don’t normally see. I immediately approached the archaeologist, and he confirmed that I had found a gold bead. Everyone here was very excited.”

According to IAA excavation directors Shlomo Greenberg and Ari Levy, the bead was found in a formerly grandiose structure that was at least 25 meters long and built on the Pilgrimage Road in Ir David. “The wealth of the building’s occupants is evidenced by additional finds that were discovered in it, like imported clay vessels and a decorated mosaic floor,” they said.

The researchers pointed out that the bead was perhaps created in a period that precedes that of the structure in which it was found, but said that it was reasonable to assume that the bead belonged to the building’s residents.

The find is of special importance, according to the researchers, both because gold items are rare archaeological finds in Israel and because beads of this style are not common, given the unique and complex technique used to create them.

The technique, researchers said, most probably originates from the region of Mesopotamia, where it was known approximately 4,500 years ago.

“The most interesting aspect of the bead is its unique and complex production method,” explained Amir Golani, an ancient jewelry expert at the IAA. “A good understanding of the materials and their properties is required, as well as control over the heat, in order to on the one hand solder the tiny balls together to create a tiny ring, while also preventing overheating which may lead all the gold to melt.”

It is possible that the bead was created in a different area and was brought to Ir David as part of the extensive trade relations between Yerushalayim and other regions. Another theory is that the bead was gifted to a Yerushalayim resident, or, possibly due to its unique nature, was passed within the family from one generation to another as an inheritance.

Similar beads have been discovered in burial caves from 2,500 years ago (end of the First Beis Mikdash period) in Ketef Hinnom near Ir David, but those beads were made from silver.

To date, only a few dozen gold beads have been found in Israel.

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