Stocks are holding steady Friday as Wall Street nears the end of its tumultuous week.
The S&P 500 was up 0.2% in early afternoon trading, following losses for stocks in Europe and Asia. The bond market was quiet, while crude prices climbed again.
The calm trading in U.S. markets belies what’s been a wild week. From Monday’s astonishing plummet for oil to Thursday’s sudden disappearance of a morning stock rally, markets pinballed as the mood swung from fear to hope and back again.
Through it all, reports piled higher showing that the economic damage done by the coronavirus pandemic is even worse than feared. It’s so severe that a heavily divided Congress has reached bipartisan agreement on massive support for the economy, and President Donald Trump signed a bill Friday to send another nearly $500 billion into the economy, including loans for small businesses and aid for hospitals.
The big question for markets is when the economy can reopen, said Mike Zigmont, head of trading and research at Harvest Volatility Management. Businesses can get by for a few months on government help, he said, but if the shutdown drags on longer than that they could be permanently damaged.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average was up 45 points, or 0.2%, at 23,564, as of 12:47 p.m. Eastern time, and the Nasdaq was up 0.5%. The S&P 500 was nearly even split between stocks rising and falling.
Gains for Apple and other big technology companies helped prop up the market. Tech stocks make up an outsized portion of the S&P 500, a quarter of the index’s total market value by themselves. And because the index‘s movements are dictated by changes in market value, the performance of the biggest stocks can have a disproportionate effect.
The S&P 500 is still on track for a loss of 2.3% this week, which would snap its first two-week winning streak since the coronavirus outbreak caused stocks to start selling off in February.
Stocks have been generally rallying since late March on promises for massive aid from Congress and the Federal Reserve, along with more recent hopes that the outbreak may be leveling off and could lead parts of the economy to reopen. In Georgia, some businesses said Friday they’ve begun welcoming back customers after the governor eased a monthlong shutdown.
But many professional investors have been skeptical of the market‘s recent rally. They say that there’s still too much uncertainty about how long the recession will last and that attempts to reopen the economy could backfire and trigger more waves of infections if they’re premature.
In a demonstration of how hungry the market is for a vaccine or treatment for COVID-19, which could drive more confidence, the S&P 500 erased a rally of more than 1% in a span of seconds on Thursday following a discouraging report about a potential drug treatment. The Financial Times said a Chinese study of the drug found no positive effect, citing data published accidentally by the World Health Organization, though the company behind the drug said the data represented “inappropriate characterizations” of the study.
Through all the volatility, many investors saving for retirement have been holding steady. They’re calling in for advice much more often, and the average number of calls going into Fidelity Investments each day jumped 20% in the first three months from a year earlier.
But the majority of savers with 401(k) accounts at Fidelity did not pull back on their contributions during the quarter. The average rate stayed steady at 8.9%, even as they watched their balances drop, and a handful of savers even increased their contribution rate as some saw an opportunity to perhaps buy low.
The S&P 500 is down about 17% from its record in February after roughly halving its loss since late March.
In Europe, the German DAX lost 1.7%, France’s CAC 40 fell 1.3% and the FTSE 100 in London dropped 1.3%. In Asia, Japan’s Nikkei 225 fell 0.9%, South Korea’s Kospi lost 1.3% and the Hang Seng in Hong Kong slipped 0.6%
The price of a barrel of U.S. oil to be delivered in June rose 2% to $16.83. It had dropped as low as $6.50 earlier this week on worries that oil storage tanks are close to topping out amid a collapse in demand, leaving nowhere to keep all the extra oil coming out of the ground. In one corner of the U.S. oil market, prices even dropped below zero momentarily.
Brent crude, the international standard, inched up 0.6% to $24.93 per barrel.
The yield on the 10-year Treasury note slipped to 0.60% from 0.61% late Thursday. Yields tend to fall when investors are downgrading their expectations for the economy and inflation.