Israel has escalated a trade war with the Palestinians by stopping their agricultural exports through Jordan, Palestinian Agriculture Minister Riyad al-Attari said.
Israel and the Palestinian Authority (PA) opened a new front in their decades-long conflict with a trade dispute that began in October and has escalated over the past week.
“Yesterday, the director of Israeli crossings informed all exporters and all relevant parties that all Palestinian agriculture products would be banned from export to world markets through the Jordanian crossing starting Sunday,” al-Attari said.
Israeli and Jordanian officials did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
“This is an economic war against the entire Palestinian people,” said Ahmed Rihan, director of sales at Attelawi, which exports products to Britain and to Arab countries.
“It will affect us as merchants and exporters, it will affect farmers and transport companies and it will affect the entire Palestinian people,” he added.
In October, the PA announced a boycott of Israeli calves. Last weekend, Israeli Defense Minister Naftali Bennett said he would halt all PA agricultural imports, which in turn prompted the PA to say it would end imports of Israeli agricultural products, fruit juice and bottled water.
Those moves have frayed trade links that have generally held strong since the two sides signed interim peace accords in the 1990s, even weathering the collapse in 2014 of peace talks.
Bilateral tensions have been further fuelled by the announcement of U.S. President Donald Trump’s Middle East peace plan which has prompted a spate of Palestinian violence.
The actions of the PA in part reflect greater efforts to end what its leaders see as an over-dependence on Israeli markets.
“We are at a critical political moment and we completely understand the negative impact that will result from these measures, but I say with all confidence that the negative impact will also affect the Israeli economy,” said al-Attari.
Al-Attari said around 60 Palestinian agriculture products are exported to 100 markets around the world. The new ban includes olive oil, dates and medicinal herbs, Palestinian exporters said.