Expectations for a U.S.-Chinese trade truce to avert an American tariff hike rose Friday, though Beijing said any settlement to their costly, long-running conflict must be “mutually beneficial.”
A senior administration official said an announcement regarding China would take place Friday. The official spoke on condition of anonymity because he was unauthorized to discuss internal planning.
A “deal is close,” said Myron Brilliant, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce’s head of international affairs, who was briefed by both sides.
Brilliant said the Trump administration agreed to suspend a planned tariff increase on $160 billion of Chinese imports Sunday and to reduce existing tariffs, though it wasn’t clear by how much.
In return, Beijing would buy more U.S. farm products, increase American companies’ access to the Chinese market and tighten protection for intellectual property rights.
The deal awaits final approval from President Donald Trump. Trump did not comment to reporters on the talks late Thursday when returning to the White House.
On Friday, a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman said a negotiated settlement is the “expectation of the international community” but gave no confirmation of an agreement or details on the status of talks.
“Negotiations must be based on the principles of equality and mutual respect,” said the spokeswoman, Hua Chunying, repeating Beijing’s long-held position. “The deal must be mutually beneficial, a win-win.”
Trump’s comments triggered a rally on Wall Street that carried over to Asian trading.
Beijing has threatened to retaliate if Sunday’s tariff hike goes ahead.
The two sides are negotiating an interim “Phase 1” agreement to help resolve their sprawling trade dispute. Still, the truce appears to leave unsettled the toughest and most complex issues that have divided the two sides.
Three Democratic senators — Minority Leader Charles Schumer of New York, Ron Wyden of Oregon and Sherrod Brown of Ohio — sent a letter to the White House on Thursday, urging Trump to “stand firm” in the negotiations with China. They called on the president to hold out for “commitments from the Chinese government to enact substantive, enforceable and permanent structural reform.”
The administration accuses Beijing of cheating in its drive to develop advanced technologies like driver-less cars and artificial intelligence.
The administration alleges — and independent analysts generally agree — that China steals technology, forces foreign companies to hand over trade secrets, unfairly subsidizes its own firms and throws up bureaucratic hurdles for foreign rivals.
Beijing rejects the accusations and contends that Washington is simply trying to suppress a rising competitor in international trade.
Despite the plans for an announcement, it’s not a done deal, noted Jeffrey Halley of Oanda.
“After such an interminable wait and having being led to water before, I would like to see something official in writing officially. Further to that point, although the in-principle agreement may have been agreed, the legally binding text has yet to be drawn up,” he said.
Since July 2018 the Trump administration has imposed import taxes on $360 billion in Chinese products. Beijing has retaliated by taxing $120 billion in U.S. exports, including soybeans and other farm products that are vital to many of Trump’s supporters in rural America.
On Sunday the administration was set to start taxing an additional $160 billion in Chinese imports, a move that would extend the sanctions to just about everything China ships to the United States.
Repeated rounds of negotiations had failed to achieve even a preliminary agreement. The prolonged uncertainty over Trump’s trade policies has curtailed U.S. business investment and likely held back economic growth. Many corporations have slowed or suspended investment plans until they know when, how or even whether the trade standoff will end.
A far-reaching agreement on China’s technology policies will likely prove difficult. It would require Beijing to scale back its drive to become a global powerhouse in industrial high technology, something it sees as a path to prosperity and international influence.
Efforts to acquire foreign technology are a theme that runs through Chinese law and government. Security researchers have asserted that Beijing operates a network of research institutes and business parks to turn stolen foreign technology into commercial products.
The Trump administration has been seeking a way to enforce any significant trade agreement with China, reflecting its contention that Beijing has violated past promises. One way to do it is to retain some tariffs as leverage.