More than 500 people have been diagnosed with vaping-related breathing illnesses, but the cause remains unknown, U.S. health officials said Thursday.
Meanwhile, the Food and Drug Administration revealed that its criminal investigations unit started tracking leads early on. The agency’s tobacco director, Mitch Zeller, stressed that it is not interested in prosecuting individuals who use illegal products but is lending a hand because of the unit’s “special skills.”
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said 530 confirmed and probable cases have been reported in 38 states and one U.S. territory, up from 380 a week ago.
Seven deaths have been reported. Canada reported its first case Wednesday, a high school student who was on life support and has since recovered.
All patients had used an electronic cigarette or other vaping devices.
Doctors have said the illnesses resemble an inhalation injury, with the lungs apparently reacting to a caustic substance. So far, no single vaping product or ingredient has been linked to the illnesses, though most patients reported vaping THC, the high-producing ingredient in marijuana.
Two-thirds of the cases involved 18- to 34-year-olds. Three-quarters are men.
Some of the first cases appeared in April. CDC hasn’t said when most people got sick.
A congressional subcommittee will hold a hearing on the outbreaks Tuesday.