Stocks fell sharply on Wall Street Friday after President Donald Trump called on U.S. companies to consider alternatives to doing business in China. He also said he would respond to Beijing’s latest tariff increase.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average sank more than 400 points after the president made the announcements on Twitter.
The U.S. has said it would impose 10% duties on the $300 billion of Chinese goods that were not already subject to tariffs. China said early Friday that it would retaliate with taxes on $75 billion of U.S. products.
The market opened lower with the news of the new tariffs. It recovered some of its losses after a widely anticipated speech by Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell gave no clear signal on when the central bank may cut interest rates again.
Speaking at a Fed policy conference in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, Powell noted that there’s growing evidence of a global economic slowdown and suggested that uncertainty over Trump’s trade wars have complicated the central bank’s ability to set interest-rate policy. Powell said the Fed “will act as appropriate to sustain the expansion.”
Markets have been jumpy for weeks as traders increasingly worry about a protracted trade war and whether it could tip the already fragile global economy into recession.
“There’s been reason to be concerned that this might not get resolved anytime soon, but the market is accepting that not only is it not likely, it’s very unlikely,” said Randy Frederick, vice president of trading and derivatives at Charles Schwab.
The S&P 500 was down 1.6% as of 12:30 p.m. Eastern Time. The Dow Jones Industrial Average lost 417 points, or 1.6%, to 25,834. The Nasdaq dropped 2%.
Technology companies, which have much to lose in the trade battle, accounted for the biggest share of the market’s losses. Chipmaker Nvidia slid 4.8% and Apple lost 4%. Companies that rely on consumer spending also took losses. Retailer L Brands dropped 6.8%.
Energy stocks headed lower, along with crude-oil prices. The price of crude sank 3% to $53.63 a barrel as traders worried that the latest escalation in the trade battle could sap global demand for energy.
U.S. bond prices rose sharply as investors sought safety, sending yields lower. The yield on the 10-year Treasury fell to 1.54% from 1.61%, a large move.
The price of gold, another safe haven for investors during times of market turbulence and economic weakness, rose 1.7% to $1,534 an ounce.
The Trump administration has imposed a 25% tariff on $250 billion in Chinese imports. The pending 10% tariff on another $300 billion in goods would hit everything from toys to clothing and shoes that China ships to the United States, but some 60% of the new tariffs wouldn’t go into effect until mid-December, and others were taken off the table altogether.
China gave no details of what goods would be affected in its latest round of tariffs, but the timing matches Trump’s planned duty hikes.
China’s government appealed to Trump this week to compromise in order to break a deadlock in negotiations.