Thousands of supporters of South Africa’s African National Congress (ANC) took to the streets of downtown Johannesburg on Sunday to celebrate their party’s victory in last week’s election despite a lower share of the vote.
The ANC won 57.5% of the parliamentary vote and retained power in eight of nine provinces in President Cyril Ramaphosa’s first test at the polls since he took power in February 2018.
The result was the ANC’s worst performance in a parliamentary vote since the end of white minority rule in 1994, when the party swept to power under Nelson Mandela. But it was at least at an improvement on its vote share in local government elections in 2016.
To supporters of Ramaphosa, the ANC victory was an endorsement of his corruption-fighting agenda after he replaced Jacob Zuma.
Ramaphosa’s first full term as president should start later this month after his nomination by ANC lawmakers in the new parliament.
Ramaphosa, 66, replaced Zuma as ANC leader in December 2017, after a decade in which the party’s image was seriously tarnished by corruption scandals and weak economic growth.
Some analysts think last week’s election result will leave Ramaphosa short of ammunition to battle party rivals who oppose his reforms to tackle corruption and galvanise the economy.
Others say he did well to win a narrow majority in Gauteng province, the country’s economic hub where Johannesburg is located and where the ANC was under pressure.
The ANC achieved its best parliamentary election result in 2004 under former president Thabo Mbeki, when it won more than 69% of the vote. Support had slipped under Zuma.