Bolton: No Withdrawal From Syria Until Islamic State Contained, Kurds’ Safety Guaranteed

(The Washington Post) -
u.s. syria
In this April 2018 photo, a U.S. soldier stands in a newly installed position near the front line between the U.S-backed Syrian Manbij Military Council and the Turkish-backed fighters, in Manbij, Syria. (AP Photo/Hussein Malla)

President Donald Trump’s national security adviser sought to reassure allies Sunday that the United States would be methodical about withdrawing troops from Syria, promising that the pullout would not occur until the Islamic State was fully eradicated from the country and Turkey could guarantee the safety of Kurdish fighters.

National security adviser John Bolton’s comments, reported by the Associated Press, are the clearest statement yet from the administration about how officials plan to execute President Trump’s abrupt December announcement that he would pull troops from Syria, surprising allies and advisers, sparking an outcry from lawmakers, and prompting the resignation of former defense secretary Jim Mattis.

“There are objectives that we want to accomplish that condition the withdrawal,” Bolton said while speaking to reporters in Yerushalayim, on a trip intended to allay Israeli leaders’ concerns about Trump’s announcement. “The timetable flows from the policy decisions that we need to implement.”

Trump touched off a round of global confusion and panic when he announced via tweet in mid-December that he would be ordering the withdrawal of the 2,000 troops stationed in Syria to help fight Islamic State – a move that both allies and critics warned could upset the balance of power in the Middle East, emboldening Russia and Iran, and threatening what tenuous stability U.S.-aligned forces had been able to achieve in Syria.

Bolton’s comments come amid reports that Trump had agreed to extend his initial 30-day deadline for withdrawal to four months. When asked if Bolton’s comments would affect that timeline, a senior administration official said that “there is no specific timeline for the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Syria, and reports to the contrary are false.”

Nonetheless, the plans and assurances the national security adviser offered in Israel were confirmation that withdrawal plans are slowing until conditions on the ground match the president’s stated assessment of the situation in Syria. As part of his announcement, Trump said that the United States had “defeated ISIS” there – a claim that his advisers and political allies have disputed.

Trump’s advisers and GOP allies have warned that pulling out U.S. troops would also leave Kurdish fighters – who had been vital allies – susceptible to attacks by Turkey, where leaders see the group as a threat to their own country.

But while Bolton’s comments may have come as a relief to some, a top House Democrat stressed that the priorities he outlined were “obvious” – and simply highlighted how dangerous Trump’s initial withdrawal announcement was.

“We don’t want ISIS to rise again and be a transnational terrorist threat, and we don’t want our allies the Kurds to be slaughtered by Erdogan in Turkey. That was obvious,” House Armed Services Committee Chairman Rep. Adam Smith, D-Wash., said Sunday on ABC. He was referring to Turkey’s president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan. “I’m pleased that John Bolton has recognized the national security interest, and that’s what we want to have … not a tweet going ‘eh, let’s get out of Syria.'”

Smith said he hoped to have Mattis testify before his panel, calling the former defense secretary’s views “invaluable.”

In his resignation letter, Mattis noted disagreements he’d had with Trump over the president’s approach to allies and adversaries, stating that the president deserved a defense secretary whose views would be more aligned with Trump’s. Smith was more succinct in his assessment of Trump’s approach to global relations, saying Sunday that “our allies matter enormously and the president treats them like dirt.”

Democrats have lamented the departure of figures such as Mattis, whom they viewed as a tempering influence on President Trump, and they worry about who will ultimately succeed them.

“All of the adults are one by one being forced out of the room,” House Intelligence Committee Chairman Rep. Adam Schiff, D-Calif., said Sunday on CNN. “Anyone who had the standing or the independence to speak out … has been pushed aside and now you have a lot of yes-people serving the president.”

Republicans, too, have worried about whether the president is listening to his advisers, warning him that the administration’s actions in Syria will affect the United States’ reputation globally. At the time of Trump’s announcement, some wondered openly if Trump had simply agreed to get out of Syria to please foreign leaders that have traditionally been regarded more warily, including Erdogan.

Similar questions arose last week, after Trump voiced a perplexing assessment of world history, incorrectly claiming that the Soviet Union’s demise had been a result of the Red Army’s war in Afghanistan, which they were forced to invade to address terrorist threats.

New White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney distanced himself from Trump’s comments on CNN Sunday, defending the advice that he and others were giving the president on matters of history, foreign relations, and other policy.

“The fact that he makes a decision that might be different than his advisers doesn’t mean that he’s getting bad information, it means he’s relying on information other than what his advisers are giving him,” Mulvaney said, stressing that he sees “every single piece of information” that goes to the president’s desk.

Speaking on CNN, Schiff shot back at that comment, accusing Trump of parroting “a Kremlin talking point” on Afghanistan.

“Mulvaney may review the documents on the president’s desk,” Schiff said. “He doesn’t review every phone call the president makes and who’s whispering in his ear.”