Orrin Hatch Ends Four-Decade Senate Run as Unique GOP Voice

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Sen. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, waves after addresses the Utah Senate last February. (AP Photo/Rick Bowmer)

Orrin Hatch ended his tenure Thursday as the longest-serving Republican senator in history, capping a unique career that positioned him as one of the most prominent conservatives in the United States.

The departure of the vocal supporter of President Donald Trump ushers in another outsized Utah voice with a very different take on the president: Mitt Romney, whose renewed criticism of President Trump is already making waves. Romney was sworn in to the U.S. Senate seat from which Hatch is retiring after four decades and at the height of his power.

A staunch conservative who wasn’t afraid to cross the aisle, Hatch teamed with Democrats to pass the Americans with Disabilities Act and the Children’s Health Insurance Program for low-income kids. He also championed GOP issues like on sanctity-of-life issues and played a major role in shaping the U.S. Supreme Court.

In recent years, the 84-year-old helped pass a federal tax overhaul, pushed for President Trump’s decision to downsize two national monuments in Utah and called for a return to an era of political civility.

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President Donald Trump presents the Presidential Medal of Freedom to Sen. Hatch, on Nov. 16, 2018. (AP Photo/Manuel Balce Ceneta)

Hatch, who did not agree to an interview with The Associated Press after several requests over the last month, was a fresh-faced trial lawyer from the tiny Utah community of Pittsburg when he narrowly upset Democratic Sen. Frank Moss in 1976.

He was a newcomer who appealed to the right wing of the Republican Party, University of Utah political science professor Tim Chambless said. His candidacy got a boost from an endorsement by another conservative rising star, Ronald Reagan.

After Hatch took office, he quickly secured a place on the Senate Judiciary Committee, where he would serve for decades. He has participated in the confirmation hearings of every current Supreme Court justice, including the contentious ones of Clarence Thomas and Brett Kavanaugh.

The senator famously defended conservative Thomas during confirmation hearings, but he also recommended President Bill Clinton name Ruth Bader Ginsburg, a liberal, to the court.

“Few senators can claim a fraction of the influence of Orrin Hatch on the direction and makeup of the United States Supreme Court,” George Washington University law professor Jonathan Turley said in an email.

Hatch, who learned to box as a child, didn’t back down from rhetorical battles but also formed friendships with political opponents, particularly the late Sen. Edward M. Kennedy. He highlighted his ability to work with Democrats in a short-lived campaign for president in 2000.

He joined with Kennedy on the Americans with Disabilities Act as well as the $24 billion children’s insurance program. When the liberal icon died in 2009, Hatch said they “were like fighting brothers.”

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President Bill Clinton (C) huddles with Sens. Orrin Hatch (L) and Edward Kennedy, D-Mass., after the swearing in of Attorney General Janet Reno at the White House, in March 1993. (AP Photo/Barry Thumma)

But Hatch strongly opposed President Barack Obama’s signature health care law and more actively courted the conservative wing of his party after his colleague, Sen. Bob Bennett, was ousted in a Tea Party wave in 2012.

Hatch would later use his clout to help President Trump push a major GOP tax overhaul and cheer the president’s decision to downsize the Bears Ears and Grand Staircase national monuments in a win for state Republicans.

The senator also made waves in copyright law, helping make it a crime to illegally download music at a time when it was considered a serious threat to the music industry. Hatch is a songwriter himself, and one of his tunes went platinum.

Hatch, a Mormon, has said that legislation protecting religious freedom is his greatest accomplishment.

Hatch had a close relationship with the Jewish community. One of the strongest supporters of Israel on Capitol Hill, Hatch placed mezuzos on the doorposts of his home and office.

In his farewell speech last month, Hatch bemoaned the disappearance of political civility and challenged his colleagues to work constructively for the good of the country.

“Things weren’t always as they are now. I was here when this body was at its best,” he said.

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Senator Orrin Hatch (R) looks on as President Ronald Reagan signs the Utah Wilderness Act of 1984. (AP Photo/Barry Thumma)

In his final years in office, however, he’s apologized for using inappropriate language to describe his political foes and backtracked after saying he wasn’t concerned that prosecutors have implicated President Trump in a crime.

Even so, Hatch is part of a rare breed that’s still able work with the opposing party, Utah State University political science professor Damon Cann said.

“When Hatch was elected in the 1976, he was among the most conservative members of his party, but by the time he retires in 2018, he is among the more moderate members of the Republican Party in the Senate,” Cann said. “It’s not so much a story of Hatch moderating over time as it is the Republican Party becoming more conservative.”

Hatch announced his retirement last January and convinced Romney, also a Mormon transplant in a state dominated by the faith, to be his successor. After winning in a landslide in November, Romney wrote in a scathing Washington Post opinion column this week that President Trump’s character falls short and “the president has not risen to the mantle of the office.”

Hatch is now expected to take a seat at the new Hatch Center library and think tank, which supporters have raised millions to build in Salt Lake City.

“As long as he is able, he’s going to have motivation to try to be a player and be in the process,” said Chambless.