The latest plunge came at the end of an unusually turbulent week of trading that had one huge gain sandwiched between massive losses.
A three-week slide has left the benchmark S&P 500 index on track for its worst month since February 2009, right before the stock market hit bottom following the 2008 financial crisis.
Longtime market favorites like Amazon led the way lower after reporting weak results. Technology and consumer-focused companies accounted for much of the sell-off.
Media and communications stocks, banks and health care companies also took heavy losses. Bond prices rose, sending yields lower, as investors sought out less risky assets.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell nearly 300 points and the S&P 500, a benchmark for many index funds, is now down 9.3 percent from its September peak. That’s just shy of what Wall Street calls a “correction,” or a drop of 10 percent or more from a peak. The last S&P 500 correction happened in February.
The stock market has whipsawed this week, with the Dow slumping 500 points over the first two days of the week, plunging 608 on Wednesday, soaring 401 points Thursday and then plunging again on Friday. The ups and downs came during the busiest week for third-quarter company earnings.
The S&P 500 index slid 46.88 points, or 1.7 percent, to 2,658.69.
The Dow dropped 296.24 points, or 1.2 percent, to 24,688.31. The average was briefly down 539 points.
The tech-heavy Nasdaq composite lost 151.12 points, or 2.1 percent, to 7,167.21. The Russell 2000 index of smaller-company stocks gave up 16.58 points, or 1.1 percent, to 1,483.82. The S&P 500 and Dow are now down for the year again.
The Commerce Department said the U.S. economy’s gross domestic product, a measure of total output of goods and services, grew at a robust annual rate of 3.5 percent in the July-September quarter. That’s higher than what many economists had been projecting, but lower than the 4.2 percent rate of growth in the second quarter.
Amazon and Google parent company Alphabet slumped after both companies reported quarterly reported revenue figures that fell short of analysts’ estimates. Amazon sank 7.8 percent to $1,642.81, while Alphabet fell 1.8 percent to $1,083.75.
Mattel dropped 2.8 percent to $13.45 after the toy maker served up quarterly results that fell short of analysts’ forecasts.
In a bright spot, chipmaker Intel gained 3.1 percent to $45.69 after it reported strong quarterly results and raised its outlook.
U.S. bond prices rose. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note fell to 3.08 percent from 3.13 percent late Thursday.
Benchmark U.S. crude rose 0.4 percent to settle at $67.59 a barrel in New York. Brent crude, the benchmark for international oil prices, added 0.9 percent to close at $77.62 a barrel in London.
Wholesale gasoline gained 0.1 percent to $1.82 a gallon. Heating oil jumped 1.1 percent to $2.30 a gallon and natural gas fell 0.5 percent to $3.19 per 1,000 cubic feet.
The dollar fell to 111.85 yen from 112.61 yen on Thursday. The euro rose to $1.1412 from $1.1359.