U.S. stocks are climbing Wednesday after a survey by payroll processor ADP showed strong hiring by private businesses in September and a trade group said services firms produced more and hired more workers. Banks are rising as interest rates move higher. European stocks rose after the Italian government said it will gradually reduce its deficits over the next few years.
KEEPING SCORE: The S&P 500 index jumped 12 points, or 0.4 percent, to 2,935 as of noon and is on track for a record high. The Dow Jones Industrial Average, which finished at an all-time high Tuesday, gained 141 points, or 0.5 percent, to 26,915. The Nasdaq composite added 35 points, or 0.4 percent, to 8,035.
The Russell 2000 index rose 10 points, or 0.7 percent, to 1,666. It has fallen 5 percent since the end of August as investors have grown less worried about trade tensions between the U.S. and other countries.
ECONOMIC DATA: Private businesses in the U.S. added 230,000 jobs in September, according to ADP. That’s the biggest total in seven months. Hiring was strong in most major industries. The federal government will release a report Friday that covers hiring by private businesses and also by governments.
A trade group said U.S. services firms produced more, hired more workers, and took more orders in September, and all of those things happened at a faster pace than in the month before. The Institute for Supply Management’s services index rose to its highest level in about a decade.
Bond prices dropped sharply. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note rose to 3.12 percent, near its high for the year and up sharply from 3.05 percent a day earlier. That helped banks, which are able to charge higher interest rates on long-term loans when bond yields rise. Comerica rose 1.3 percent to $90.96 and Bank of America added 1.1 percent to $29.90.
Industrial and technology companies also climbed. Apple jumped 1.3 percent to $232.31 and Intel rose 1.1 percent to $48.62 while Boeing gained 1.2 percent to $390.91 and Caterpillar added 1.6 percent to $157.24.
GM FUELS UP: General Motors rose 2.1 percent to $33.99 after Honda agreed to invest $2.75 billion in GM’s autonomous vehicle business over the next 12 years. Honda lost 3.4 percent to $29.42. Japanese technology firm SoftBank said in May that it would pay $2.25 billion for a 20 percent stake in the GM business, which is called Cruise.
GM is often seen as the company in second place in the race to get autonomous cars on the market, trailing Google’s Waymo unit.
HEAVY METAL: Century Aluminum tumbled after Norsk Hydro said it is shutting down its Alunorte plant in Brazil. Alunorte is the world’s largest alumina refinery, and that could leave Century Aluminum without enough of a critical material used in making aluminum. Century Aluminum fell 11.9 percent to $10.49, and shares of Norsk Hydro lost 11.8 percent in Norway.
Rival aluminum producer Alcoa, which produces its own alumina, rose 6.6 percent to $44.32.
OVERSEAS: Stocks in Europe rose after Italy’s economy minister backed down on spending plans that would keep the country’s deficit at an elevated level for three years. That relieved investors who were worried about Italy’s debts and the possibility of tensions between the country and the European Union.
The FTSE MIB in Italy gained 0.9 percent after dropping 5 percent over the previous five days. Italian government bond prices climbed and the yield on the 10-year bond fell sharply, to 3.30 percent from 3.44 percent.
The CAC 40 in France rose 0.4 percent while the FTSE 100 in Britain rose 0.5 percent. German markets were closed for a holiday.
SLEEPING EASY: Tempur Sealy jumped 11.1 percent to $53.77 after Reuters reported that rival Mattress Firm might file for bankruptcy protection as soon as this week.
IN FOR A PENNEY: J.C. Penney climbed 7.7 percent to $1.68 after it named Jill Soltau, the president and CEO of fabric and crafts company Jo-Ann Stores, as its next CEO. Soltau will start at Penney in mid-October. Its previous CEO, Marvin Ellison, stayed for less than four years before leaving to became CEO of home improvement chain Lowe’s.
Penney’s stock is down almost 50 percent in 2018, and has plunged almost 80 percent in the past five years.
ENERGY: Benchmark U.S. crude fell 0.1 percent to $75.18 a barrel in New York. U.S. crude futures closed at their highest price in just under four years on Monday. Brent crude, used to price international oils, rose 0.4 percent at $85.17 a barrel in London.
CURRENCIES: The dollar rose to 114.16 yen from 113.69 yen. The euro fell to $1.1520 from $1.1545.
ASIA’S DAY: Asian stocks fell as traders worried about by rising oil prices and weak economic data in Japan. Japan’s benchmark Nikkei 225 fell 0.7 percent and Hong Kong’s Hang Seng dropped 0.1 percent.