Africa’s Last Absolute Monarch Renames Swaziland as ‘Eswatini’

MBABANE (Reuters) -
Swaziland
Swaziland’s King Mswati III addresses the United Nations General Assembly last September. (AP Photo/Frank Franklin II)

Swaziland’s King Mswati III, Africa’s last absolute monarch, said on Thursday that he was officially renaming the country as the Kingdom of eSwatini.

He announced the change to eSwatini, meaning “land of the Swazis”, in the local Swati language at Golden Jubilee celebrations of the 50th anniversary of Swazi independence, and of his 50th birthday.

The king has referred to the “Kingdom of eSwatini” several times in recent years — in an address to the UN General Assembly in 2017, and at the African Union and other international conferences.

Addressing a large gathering in a stadium in the second city of Manzini, forty km (twenty-five miles) east of the capital Mbabane, the king said Swaziland was reverting to the original name it had before being colonized by the British.

The impoverished southern African nation — a member of the Commonwealth — gained independence from Britain in 1968.

“I would like to announce that from today onwards, our country will be known as the Kingdom of eSwatini,” the king said.

He said the name “Swaziland” had caused confusion. “Whenever we go abroad, people refer to us as Switzerland,” the king said.

The king, who wore a red and black military uniform and rode in an open car into the stadium, said he wanted his country to have a name people could identify with.

Most of the king’s subjects eke out a living in agriculture, often cultivating sugar. There is widespread poverty.

Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen attended the event, while on a visit to a country which is one of the few to maintain diplomatic ties with Taiwan rather than Beijing.

It is Tsai’s first trip to Africa since assuming the presidency in 2016.