The new U.S. Embassy in Jerusalem will open in May 2018, to coincide with the 70th anniversary of Israel declaring independence, according to two Trump administration officials.
The officials say Congress is being notified of the impending move on Friday. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson signed off on the security plan for the new embassy on Thursday.
The officials weren’t authorized to discuss the plan publicly and therefore spoke on condition of anonymity.
A ribbon-cutting is being planned for mid-May. Israel proclaimed independence on May 14, 1948.
The May opening marks a significant acceleration. Vice President Mike Pence had said previously the embassy would open by the end of 2019. And Tillerson had said it could take years.
Initially, the embassy will consist of just a few offices inside an existing U.S. facility in Jerusalem.
Speaking at the Conservative Political Action Conference Friday, Trump said that the decision to relocate the embassy is “the right thing to do.”
He said that foreign countries put pressure on him not to move the embassy and begged him, “Don’t do it, don’t do it,” and that the campaign against moving the embassy was “incredible.”
But ultimately, said the president, his administration “did the right thing.”
Also Friday, four U.S. officials said told AP that the administration is considering an offer from Republican mega-donor Sheldon Adelson to pay for at least part of a new embassy in Jerusalem.
Lawyers at the State Department are looking into the legality of accepting private donations to cover some or all of the embassy costs, said the officials, who also weren’t authorized to discuss the issue publicly and demanded anonymity.
In one possible scenario, the administration would solicit contributions not only from Adelson but potentially from other donors in the evangelical Christian and American Jewish communities, too. One official said Adelson, a staunch supporter of Israel, had offered to pay the difference between the total cost — expected to run into the hundreds of millions of dollars — and what the administration is able to raise.
Under any circumstance, letting private citizens cover the costs of an official government building would mark a significant departure from historical U.S. practice.
Adelson’s unconventional offer was made around the time Trump announced in December he would move the embassy to Jerusalem. It would address the president’s stated distaste for shelling out eye-popping sums for overseas diplomatic facilities. Although Trump has promoted the Jerusalem move as fulfilling a key campaign promise, he also was outspoken last month in blasting the $1-billion price tag for a new embassy in London.
To enable a May opening, the administration settled on a phased approach to building out the embassy in Jerusalem’s Arnona neighborhood at an existing U.S. facility that handles consular affairs like passports and visas.
Initially, the U.S. will merely retrofit a small suite of offices in that facility to accommodate Ambassador David Friedman and one or two top aides such as his chief of staff. That allows the administration to hang an “embassy” sign over the door and formally open it in May. The rest of the embassy staff would initially remain in America’s current facility in Tel Aviv.
Over time, the Arnona facility will likely be expanded to accommodate more embassy personnel. The expansion could ultimately involve an adjacent property that currently houses a home for senior citizens, officials said. That property is already set to come under U.S. control in the next few years, under a previous arrangement.
Retrofitting just a few offices can be accomplished at minimal cost. But expanding the new embassy into a full-fledged complex that houses the bulk of America’s diplomatic staff in Israel would easily cost more than $500 million dollars, officials familiar with the process said. Particularly pricey are the strict security requirements for embassies that are written into U.S. law.
It’s unclear how much of the cost Adelson might be willing to cover.
The White House declined to comment. An Adelson spokesman didn’t respond to multiple requests for comment.
The State Department said it had “nothing to announce” about the Jerusalem embassy move and “no confirmation or details about this hypothetical proposal.” Undersecretary of State Steve Goldstein added that there had been no “formal talks” with private citizens about funding the embassy.
Kathy Bethany, the former cost-management director for the State Department’s Bureau of Overseas Building Operations, said she couldn’t recall any instances of the U.S. government accepting donations to build embassies during her tenure, which ended in 2014.
“I don’t know how well that would work,” Bethany said. “Would we be beholden to putting their name on the building? I’ve never heard of that.”
There are several ways, in theory, that it could happen. Short of donating directly to the embassy, citizens could always cut a general check to the U.S. Treasury, as politicians occasionally do to make a point about the national debt. The donors could unofficially “earmark” their dollars as being intended to offset the embassy’s cost.
The State Department’s Foreign Affairs Manual also lays out a formal process for accepting gifts from private citizens, including real estate. The process says gifts must be rigorously evaluated on a case-by-case basis and only allowed when the gift “would not give the appearance of a conflict of interest.”
Adelson, who donated $5 million to Trump’s inaugural committee, is one of the Republican Party’s biggest donors and a major supporter of Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu. Adelson also finances Israel Hayom, a pro-Netanyahu newspaper that is distributed free throughout Israel.
If lawyers decide to allow donations for the embassy, it would come with significant political risk for Trump. The president already faces major criticism from Palestinians and others who say his decision to move the embassy to Jerusalem — also claimed by the Palestinians as their own capital — tipped the scales unfairly in Israel’s favor.
Mort Klein, president of the Zionist Organization of America and a close associate of Adelson, said accepting donations would be ill-advised. Klein said he knew Adelson was “deeply interested” in seeing the embassy relocate to Jerusalem but was unaware that Adelson had offered to help pay for it himself.
“This is a government project. It’s a government-run embassy,” Klein said. “I don’t want people to be able to say it was Jewish money.”