Chinese officials reviewing the country’s vast foreign exchange holdings have recommended slowing or halting purchases of U.S. Treasury bonds amid a less attractive market for them and rising U.S.–China trade tensions, Bloomberg News reported on Wednesday.
The report sent U.S. Treasury yields to 10-month highs and sent the dollar lower. Economists cautioned, however, that China would not be able to make large changes to the composition of its reserves as it needs them to manage its renminbi exchange rate.
China has the world’s biggest currency reserves, approximately $3 trillion, and is the biggest foreign holder of U.S. government debt, with $1.19 trillion in Treasuries as of October 2017, according to data from the Treasury Department.
The Bloomberg report, which cited people familiar with the matter without identifying their seniority or input into the report, quoted the sources as saying the market for U.S. government bonds is becoming less attractive relative to other assets. They also cited trade tensions with the United States as a reason to slow Treasury purchases, the report said.
Bloomberg said the Chinese officials did not specify why trade tensions would cause a cutback in Treasuries purchases.
U.S. Treasury Undersecretary David Malpass, speaking to reporters in Brussels, dismissed any concerns about China’s demand for U.S. Treasuries.
“The U.S. Treasury market is a deep, robust market within the world, and so we are confident that our economy, with the economy strengthening, that it will remain a deep, robust market,” Malpass said when asked to comment on the report.
Malpass, who heads international affairs for Treasury, also reiterated his concerns about China’s emphasis on its state-owned enterprises and government subsidies that distort capital allocation.
LITTLE ROOM TO MANEUVER
China’s State Administration of Foreign Exchange did not immediately respond to a faxed request for comment on the Bloomberg report. The People’s Bank of China could also not be reached for comment outside business hours.
Major government bond yields extended earlier gains after the report. The yield on 10-year U.S. Treasury hit a 10-month high of 2.59 percent in European trade and was up 4 basis points on the day. That pushed the dollar to a six-week low against the Japanese yen.
Wall Street’s major indexes fell, stalling the rally that marked the start of 2018.
But some economists noted that China had already eased Treasury holdings and would not be able to more aggressively reduce holdings without hurting its portfolio, given its need for stable and liquid dollar assets.
“There aren’t many places you can stick that money,” said Paul Ashworth, economist at Capital Economics in Toronto.
China uses its holdings of foreign currency bonds to keep its currency at the rate where it wants it; and given this desire for stability, there might not be much room for maneuver on the composition of its reserves.
But Ashworth noted that the move could serve as a warning that China could quickly shift U.S. borrowing costs higher if the Trump administration started a trade war with Beijing.
The administration is considering several new tariff moves in the coming weeks, including broad restrictions on steel and aluminum imports and punitive actions against China arising from an investigation into Beijing’s intellectual property practices.
The report comes amid increasing nervousness about bond weakness after the Bank of Japan said on Tuesday it will trim its purchases of Japanese government bonds, raising speculation that it will reduce its monetary stimulus this year.
“People were already jittery about Treasuries,” said Aaron Kohli, an interest rate strategist at BMO Capital Markets in New York, noting the Chinese news is “piling on.”