A federal appeals court in Boston has decided the fate of the nation’s oldest synagogue, overturning a lower court’s decision that put control of the building and a set of bells worth millions of dollars in the hands of the congregation that worships there.
The 1st U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals announced its decision Wednesday.
That means control of the nation’s oldest synagogue, Touro Synagogue in Newport, Rhode Island, will no longer be in the hands of the local congregation but rather under the control of the nation’s oldest Jewish congregation, Shearith Israel in New York.
The decision also gives Shearith Israel ownership of a set of silver Colonial-era bells, called rimonim, placed on the sefer Torah, valued at $7.4 million.
Shearith Israel had appealed last year’s lower court ruling removing it as trustee of the 250-year-old Touro Synagogue. The judge at the time rejected the New York congregation’s arguments that it was the rightful owner of the bells and the synagogue.
“Congregation Shearith Israel is gratified by the First Circuit’s unanimous decision reaffirming our lawful, outright ownership of Newport’s Touro Synagogue and the precious rimonim at issue here,” said attorney Louis Solomon.
An attorney for the Newport congregation said he was disappointed with the panel’s ruling.
“We are reviewing our legal options on behalf of the Touro Synagogue and Jeshuat Israel, the Congregation that has prayed there for over a century,” attorney Gary Naftalis said.
Touro Synagogue holds an important place in the history of the nation’s commitment to religious liberty. In 1790 George Washington visited Touro, and then sent a letter to the congregation pledging America’s commitment to religious liberty.
The synagogue, dedicated in 1763, is a national historic site that draws thousands of visitors each year. In 1946, it was declared a National Historic Site.
By 1820 all the Jews had left Newport, and Congregation Shearith Israel became trustee of Touro. It was reopened later that century as Jews began to move back to the city.
The Touro Synagogue remains an active Orthodox shul, with tefillos held every Shabbos.
The dispute over ownership began when the Newport congregation, which was struggling with money, formed a plan to establish an endowment by selling the bells to the Museum of Fine Arts. The New York congregation objected, arguing that the sale would violate religious law and would be akin to selling a “birthright.”