Libya’s eastern commander, Khalifa Haftar, said on Wednesday his forces had taken full control of Libya’s second largest city, Benghazi, from rival armed groups after a three-year campaign.
The battle for Benghazi between Haftar’s self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) and an array of Islamist terrorists and other fighters has been part of a broader conflict since Libya slipped into chaos following the 2011 fall of strongman Muammar Gadhafi.
Victory would mark a major advance for the former Gadhafi ally, who has slowly gained ground in eastern and southern Libya in defiance of a U.N.-backed government in the west in the capital Tripoli that is struggling to extend its influence.
“Your armed forces declare to you the liberation of Benghazi from terrorism, a full liberation and a victory of dignity,” Haftar said, wearing a white uniform in a broadcast speech.
“Benghazi has entered into a new era of safety and peace.”
During the three years of his “Operation Dignity,” Haftar’s forces suffered heavy losses in clashes with Islamist terrorists and former anti-Gadhafi rebels who were resisting what they saw as his military rule over the city.
Even after the end of fighting, parts of Benghazi have been wrecked by heavy shelling and airstrikes and, as they have after past retreats in the battle for the city, rival armed groups may fall back on using guerrilla tactics against Haftar’s forces.
Haftar, who has made little secret of ambitions to enter Tripoli against rivals there he portrays as Islamist terrorists, has backing from foreign powers, including Egypt and the United Arab Emirates, and has cultivated closer ties with Moscow.
Although weakened, the unity government in Tripoli enjoys the support of most Western powers as the only institution capable of halting the OPEC state’s slide into further chaos and conflict.