Oscar Lopez Rivera was cheered and booed as he stood proudly on a float when the Puerto Rican Day Parade stepped off Sunday with him as the “National Freedom Hero” that organizers had named him.
His supporters followed, carrying signs that read, “Oscar Lopez Rivera is our Mandela.”
Nanchelle Rivera, no relation, was not among them. From the sidelines, the 28-year-old spectator said she refuses to back the man who served 35 years in prison for his involvement with a group responsible for bombings that killed and maimed dozens in the 1970s and 1980s.
“He did not represent me,” said the young woman visiting from Orlando, Florida.
She said she would not have come to watch the celebration if she’d known Lopez Rivera would be there.
A supporter in the parade heard her booing, and shouted back, “This is your history!”
For at least the first hour, the march allayed fears that it might turn violent, given the fervent discussions that for weeks preceded the activist’s planned appearance.
New York City Council Speaker Melissa Mark-Viverito tried to smooth out the verbal clashes that flew for weeks among those for and against Lopez Rivera.
“I’m here to celebrate,” she said. “This is a day of unity and celebration.”
As for those who chose to stay away because of Lopez Rivera, she said, “That’s their decision.”
The controversy resulted in both individuals and corporations, including AT&T and JetBlue, withdrawing from the parade in protest of the decision to honor the 74-year-old former member of the militant Puerto Rican nationalist group Armed Forces of National Liberation, or FALN.
New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo and several police and fire department groups also said they would not attend.
And Lopez Rivera said last week he would not accept the title of “National Freedom Hero” but would instead join the parade as a regular citizen, partly because the focus was too much on him and not enough on the plight of Puerto Rico.
Most of the tens of thousands of revelers turned out simply to celebrate Puerto Rico, happily waving Puerto Rican flags. Some wrapped their bodies in it, others adorned their heads with the red, white and blue colors.
“We don’t care that he is here,” said Rosa Rosario, a 68-year-old New Yorker.
“I don’t support a political movement,” she said, explaining that she was at the parade to support “my hometown, Hormigueros,” a municipality in the western region of the island.
The parade has often been a venue to showcase the complicated history of the U.S. territory, now mired in a recession. This year, it comes on the same day Puerto Ricans vote among three choices: independence, statehood or their current territorial status.
Decades ago, FALN claimed responsibility for more than 100 bombings in the U.S. and Puerto Rico, including a lunchtime blast in 1975 that killed four people at New York’s historic Fraunces Tavern.
Lopez Rivera was convicted of seditious conspiracy though he was never charged with any specific bombings and has denied participating in attacks that injured anyone. He was released last month following the commutation of his sentence by then-President Barack Obama.
Mayor Bill de Blasio, who for weeks defended his own decision to march, said last week that he was uncomfortable with the idea of honoring Lopez Rivera all along. He showed up for the march, making no comments but shaking hands with people across police barricades.
New York held its first Puerto Rican parade in 1958, when it was barely legal to display the Puerto Rican flag on the island and Puerto Ricans on the mainland faced harsh discrimination.
Congress will ultimately have to approve the outcome of Sunday’s referendum. Some Puerto Ricans blame the current recession on the U.S. government, partly because of the elimination of tax credits that many say led to the collapse of the island’s manufacturing sector.