Donald Trump met Monday with his Egyptian counterpart, President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, for talks ranging from collaboration against the Islamic State terror group to bolstering Egypt’s flailing economy.
It’s the second meeting for the pair. Reflecting on their first encounter in New York shortly before the general election, President Trump said el-Sissi is someone “very close to me.”
“Together, we will fight terrorism and other things; and we’re going to be friends for a very, very long time,” the American leader said, citing a “great bond with the people of Egypt.”
For Egypt, the objective is clear: Help us help you.
In President Trump, el-Sissi sees new opportunity after years of lukewarm relations with President Barack Obama.
Obama never invited the Egyptian leader to the White House, which el-Sissi mentioned in his brief remarks. And Egypt’s government was repeatedly admonished over its human rights record. Obama even briefly suspended some U.S. military aid.
In recent months, U.S. and Egyptian officials have sought to stress commonalities.
Like Trump, el-Sissi believes he can eradicate radical Islamic extremism.
He hailed President Trump on Monday for his “unique personality” and said that after their first meeting, “I bet on you,” the latter being comments he made in Arabic that were not translated. El-Sissi vowed to work with the U.S. “to counter this evil ideology that is claiming innocent lives, that is bringing devastation to communities and nations and that is terrorizing the innocent people.”
Since the military overthrew Egypt’s first post-revolution president, the popularly elected Mohamed Morsi, a Muslim Brotherhood member, el-Sissi has cracked down on political Islamists. El-Sissi also has taken a heavy hand on Egyptians who’ve deemed his presidency illegitimate, often relegating human rights concerns to national security.
But el-Sissi’s government believes its success in fighting radicalism depends critically on U.S. aid.
Egypt is among the top recipients of U.S. military and economic assistance, but the aid is being evaluated as part of the Trump administration’s push for dramatic budget cuts to diplomacy and development. It receives $1.3 billion annually in aid, plus hundreds of millions in economic assistance from the U.S. Agency for International Development and other programs potentially on the chopping block.
President Trump has vowed to work closely with Arab allies in the fight against the Islamic State group. As a neighbor to the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip, Libya and Sudan, maintaining stability in Egypt is a high priority. But it has sometimes been a relationship from which the U.S. receives little in return, and President Trump has said he won’t tolerate imbalances in other partnerships, as with China and many European allies.
Egypt’s economy is forecast to grow by 4 percent this year, according to the World Bank, but the figure heavily accounts for capital gains in oil and gas.
Conditions on the Egyptian streets tell a very different story.
Unemployment hovers at 12.7 percent — a sore spot for millions of Egyptians who protested in 2011 to demand the removal of then-President Hosni Mubarak. Then, unemployment was 9 percent. Youth are hardest hit by job shortages, with about 30 percent out of work.
Egyptians supporters of el-Sissi criticize the Obama administration’s handling of the Egyptian uprising six years ago, believing American complacency ushered in Muslim Brotherhood control.
Since then, extremist attacks have spiked, particularly on the Sinai Peninsula which borders Israel and Gaza. Cairo — home to some 20 million people — has seen several militant attacks, including a December bombing at a church that killed more than two dozen people.
Egypt’s minority Christians, who comprise about a tenth of the population, are particularly encouraged by President Trump’s presidency, hoping the American president will team up with el-Sissi to more forcefully address Egypt’s growing extremism.
For Trump and el-Sissi, it’s also a meeting of kindred spirits.
Both maintain a contentious relationship with the media and believe “bad” or “evil” people are infiltrating their borders. Both whip up supporters with talk of victories and seek to project a mystic sense of inevitable success. They’ve both challenged whether their country’s judges are acting as roadblocks to democracy.
El-Sissi, like Trump, is widely viewed as a polarizing figure in his country. That view manifesting itself on the streets outside the White House Monday, where rival protests for and opposing both Trump and el-Sissi swelled before the Egyptian’s arrival.
In the sea of American and Egyptian flags, some chanted “We love el-Sissi, we love Trump!” Others held signs of el-Sissi and Trump and chanted “Illegitimate,” a cry harkening back to the Arab Spring.