Adolf Burger, Inmate Forced by Nazis to Forge Money, Dies at 99

Adolf Burger shows one of the forged banknotes, in 2007. (Roman Vondrous/CTK via AP,file)
Adolf Burger shows one of the forged banknotes, in 2007. (Roman Vondrous/CTK via AP, File)

Adolf Burger, a Jewish typographer who was forced by the Nazis to make fake British pounds in a major counterfeit operation during World War II, has died. He was 99.

Public broadcaster Czech Radio, citing Burger’s family, reported Thursday that the Holocaust survivor died on Tuesday in Prague.

The Slovakian-born Burger was arrested in 1942 after he was caught producing fake baptism certificates for Jews to help them escape transportation to Nazi death camps. Slovakia was a Nazi puppet state during the war.

He was deported to Auschwitz with his wife, Gisela, who was put to death there.

“After my wife died in Auschwitz, I had two choices: either to go and touch the barbed wire with 1000 voltage in it and be dead in a second, or stay alive,” Burger said in a 2007 radio interview for the Stories of the 20th Century project. “I chose life, so I can tell everyone what they have done here.”

At the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in Germany in 1944, Burger became one of some 140 inmates who were put to work forging British pound notes, a top-secret plan to destabilize Britain known as “Operation Bernhard.”

“They all had to be Jews, or half-Jews,” he said of the counterfeiting group in a radio interview. “That’s logical. Those who know such a secret are not supposed to survive.”

But Burger did survive, and was eventually liberated at another camp by the U.S. Army.

Burger described his experience in a 1983 memoir.

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