French Prosecutor Requests Criminal Trial for Sarkozy

Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy speaks during the French employers' association Medef summer conference in Jouy-en-Josas, south of Paris, on Aug. 31. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy speaks during the French employers’ association Medef summer conference in Jouy-en-Josas, south of Paris, on Aug. 31. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)

A French prosecutor has requested that former President Nicolas Sarkozy —now vigorously campaigning for a second term— be sent to trial over suspected illegal overspending on his failed 2012 re-election campaign.

The Paris prosecutor’s office said Monday it has asked investigating judges to send Sarkozy and 13 others to court in the criminal case. It’s now up to the judges to decide whether Sarkozy must stand trial.

Two weeks ago, the conservative leader made headlines when he announced his decision to be a candidate for the 2017 presidential election in a book that immediately became a best-seller in France.

Legally, nothing prevents him from seeking office.

He faces a primary in November against an array of other conservative candidates.

His name has surfaced in several legal cases in recent years, yet Sarkozy still enjoys high popularity among right-wing voters and is widely considered by political experts as one of the few serious contenders for the presidency.

Recent polls show his main competitor in the conservative party, former prime minister Alain Juppe, is still the favorite of the primary, but Sarkozy, in second position, is getting closer.

Juppe said Monday he won’t make comment on Sarkozy’s case. “According to the code of good conduct that I value very much, I want to refrain myself from making personal attacks”, Juppe said.

Juppe was convicted in 2004 of having taken illegal advantage of public funds —for the benefit of his party — while he was head of the conservative party in the 1990s. He served a 14-month suspended jail sentence and was deprived of the right to run for political office for one year.

Another conservative competitor, Sarkozy’s former prime minister Francois Fillon, criticized Sarkozy’s situation in a speech a few days ago. “Those who don’t respect the laws of the Republic should not be allowed to run. There’s no point in talking about authority when one is not beyond reproach. Who can imagine for a moment General de Gaulle being under criminal investigation?” Fillon said.

Sarkozy’s lawyer, Thierry Herzog, denounced the prosecutor’s request as “gross political maneuvering.” He noted that the move falls on the day the trial opened for Jerome Cahuzac, a former budget minister under Socialist President Francois Hollande, forced to resign and charged with allegedly hiding part of his wealth in overseas tax havens.

If the investigating judges eventually decide to send Sarkozy to court, it’s unlikely any trial could be held before the April-May presidential election. If Sarkozy was elected next year, he would be granted immunity as president and would not be allowed to stand trial in the case before the end of the five-year term.

In February, the judges handed Sarkozy preliminary charges of alleged illegal campaign financing over an invoice system his party and a company named Bygmalion allegedly used to conceal unauthorized overspending.

France had a ceiling on presidential campaign funding in 2012 of €22.5 million ($25 million). The conservative Sarkozy, who was president from 2007-2012 and lost that year’s election to Socialist Francois Hollande, is accused of spending €17 million ($19 million) over that limit.

Sarkozy’s party was then called UMP but has since renamed itself The Republicans. He quit as party leader when he announced his presidential bid two weeks ago.

Several people close to Sarkozy are among those requested to stand trial in the case. The former president has already paid a financial penalty of €364,000 ($407,000) for overspending in the campaign.

“We are absolutely serene about the fact that all this will end up in a dismissed case,” said Daniel Fasquelle, the treasurer of The Republicans. “I’m also surprised that this news is being announced today… as Nicolas Sarkozy just started his campaign.”

In a separate case, Sarkozy was handed preliminary charges of corruption and influence-peddling based on information gleaned from phone taps about an alleged bid to get information from a judge ahead of a decision. Preliminary charges mean magistrates have strong reason to believe a crime was committed but gives them more time to investigate before deciding whether to send suspects to trial.

Sarkozy has not been convicted of any wrongdoing or gone to trial.

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