S. Korea, US Select Site for THAAD Anti-Missile System

A South Korean man holds a sign during a rally to denounce deploying the Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense, or THAAD, near U.S. Embassy in Seoul, South Korea, Monday, July 11, 2016. Seoul and Washington launched formal talks on deploying the Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense, or THAAD, after North Korea conducted a nuclear test and a long-range rocket launch earlier this year. China, Russia and North Korea all say the THAAD deployment could help U.S. radars spot missiles in their countries. (AP Photo/Lee Jin-man)
A South Korean man holds a sign during a rally to denounce deploying the Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense. Seoul, South Korea, Monday. (AP Photo/Lee Jin-man)

An advanced U.S. missile defense system will be deployed in a rural farming town in southeastern South Korea, Seoul officials announced Wednesday, angering not only North Korea and China but also local residents who fear potential health hazards that they believe the U.S. system might cause.

As word of the location for the Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense, or THAAD system, spread even before the government’s formal announcement, thousands of residents in the town of Seongju, the site for the U.S. system, rallied and demanded the government cancel its decision. A group of local leaders wrote letters of complaint in blood that they plan to give to the Defense Ministry.

“We oppose with our lives the THAAD deployment,” one of the letters said, according to Seongju local council speaker Bae Jae Man, one of the 10 people who wrote them.

Seoul and Washington officials say they need the missile system to better deal with what they call increasing North Korean military threats. On Monday, North Korea warned it will take unspecified “physical” measures once the location for THAAD is announced.

Seoul’s Deputy Defense Minister Ryu Je Seung told a news conference that Seongju was picked because it can maximize the THAAD’s military effectiveness while satisfying environmental, health and safety standards. Ryu stated that a THAAD system stationed in Seongju could protect two-thirds of South Korea’s territory from possible North Korean nuclear and missile threats. He said the defense chiefs of the countries approved the decision.

China and Russia oppose the system that they believe helps the U.S. radar track missiles in their countries. Seoul and Washington say the system only targets North Korea. Many South Koreans worry that China, South Korea’s biggest trading partner, might take economic retaliatory measures.

Residents in Seongju and several other villages previously rumored to be candidate sites for the THAAD system have already launched protests, citing fears that the electromagnetic waves that THAAD radar systems emit can possibly cause health problems.

Defense officials have disputed that, saying the system will be located on a mountain, not in a residential area, and is harmless if people stay at least 100 yards away from it.

Seoul and Washington launched talks on the THAAD deployment after North Korea conducted a fourth nuclear test and carried out a long-range rocket launch earlier this year.

The United States currently has about 28,500 troops stationed in South Korea long-term, as deterrence against potential aggression from North Korea. During the 1950-53 Korean War, China assisted North Korea while American-led U.N. troops fought alongside South Korea.