The U.N. children’s fund on Wednesday issued an urgent plea to Iraqi troops and Islamic State terrorists in the battle for Fallujah to spare the children, the most vulnerable among the tens of thousands of civilians who remain trapped in the fighting for control of this city west of Baghdad.
Backed by aerial support from the U.S.-led coalition and paramilitary forces mainly made up of Shiite militias, Iraqi government troops more than a week ago launched a military operation to recapture Fallujah. The city has been under IS control for more than two years.
As the battled unfolded — with Iraqi forces this week pushing into the city’s southern sections after securing surrounding towns and villages — more than 50,000 people are believed to be trapped inside the Sunni majority city, about 40 miles west of Baghdad. It is further believed that some of them are being used as human shields.
The UNICEF estimated the number of the children trapped with their families inside the city at about 20,000, warning that they face a dire humanitarian situation, in addition to the risk of forced recruitment into the fighting by the IS terrorists.
“Children who are forcibly recruited into the fighting see their lives and futures jeopardized as they are forced to carry and use arms, fighting an adults’ war,” the organization said in a statement. It called on “all parties to protect children inside Fallujah” and “provide safe passage to those wishing to leave the city.”
Fallujah was the first large Iraqi city to fall to IS and it is the last major urban area controlled by the terror group in western Iraq. The Sunni-led terrorists still control Mosul, the country’s second-largest city, in the north, as well as smaller towns and patches of territory in the country’s west and north.
The fight for Fallujah is expected to be protracted because the Islamic State group has had more than two years to dig in there. Hidden bombs are believed to be strewn throughout the city, and the presence of trapped civilians will limit the use of supporting airstrikes.