Housing starts climbed 6.6 percent to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1.17 million units, the Commerce Department said Tuesday. The increase makes up for much of March’s 9.4 percent drop in starts, a decline that partially reflected the volatile swings in residential construction on a monthly basis.
Ground-breakings are running ahead of last year’s pace, largely because of a dramatic increase in the construction of single-family houses, especially in the Midwest and South. Relatively few existing homes are listed for sale, creating an incentive for developers to expand supply through building during a period of low mortgage rates.
But a slow economy and turbulent stock market has overlapped with construction slipping so far this year in the West, where housing is generally more expensive.
“This was a decent report and shows that housing will continue to be one of the stronger pillars of the U.S. economy, as long as rates stay relatively low and job growth continues,” said Jennifer Lee, a senior economist at BMO Capital Markets.
Starts rose 22.2 percent in the Midwest and 14.1 percent in the South last month but dropped 10 percent in the West and 7.6 percent in the Northeast.
During the first four months of the year, home construction has advanced 10.2 percent. Single-family houses account for much of that gain. Apartment construction — a major driver of growth in recent years as more Americans shifted to rentals — has dipped slightly so far this year, although the sector drove much of the gains in April.
Applications for permits to build new homes, an indicator of future activity, rose 3.6 percent in April to an annual rate of 1.12 million.
The residential market has yet to fully recover from the dramatic crash brought about by a flood of subprime mortgages nearly a decade ago. Home construction remains well below its annual pace of roughly 1.5 million during the 1990s, a reflection of both higher housing costs and the damaged financial credit that remains more than 6 ½ years after the recession officially ended.
But builders expect customers to come back into the market as home values rebound.
The National Association of Home Builders/Wells Fargo builder sentiment index released Monday held at 58 in May for the fourth straight month.
Readings above 50 indicate more builders view sales conditions as good, rather than poor. The index had been in the low 60s for eight months until February. Builders’ outlook for sales over the next six months increased to the highest level since December.