European Union lawmakers have approved a scheme to share airline passenger information that can be used to track foreign terrorists heading to and from conflict areas like Syria and Iraq.
They endorsed the Passenger Name Record Law on Thursday in a series of votes, ending years of wrangling over how to balance security needs and privacy rights.
Under the scheme, traveler details will be collected from European carrier flights entering or leaving the EU and from flights between member countries. The information will be kept for six months.
At least 5,000 Europeans are believed to have trained or fought in Syria and Iraq but authorities are struggling to track their movements and prove their activities.
The EU already has passenger data deals with the U.S., Canada and Australia.
The need for the legislation following years of foot-dragging became ever more pressing in the wake of the Nov. 13 terror attacks in Paris that killed 130 and last month’s suicide bombings in Brussels, which left 32 people dead.
France immediately welcomed the approval.
Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve said it would “enhance the security of EU citizens by allowing upstream tracking of jihadist terrorist movements.” He added that it “will also be a step forward in the sharing of information between police forces and European intelligence, one of the crucial requirements to enhance our protection against a new and mobile terrorist threat.”
Thursday’s vote brought to an end a process that began eight years ago, with delays that often drew public outcries as fears grew of extremist violence in Europe.
The agreement would give law enforcement agencies in the 28 EU nations access to information gathered by airlines, including names, travel dates, itineraries, and credit card and contact details.