Secretary of State John Kerry on Monday dismissed Syrian government claims and opposition complaints as posturing ahead of U.N.-led peace talks that are supposed to begin this week.
Kerry, in Laos after discussing the negotiations with officials in Switzerland and Saudi Arabia last week, said he expected there would be clarity about when the talks would start within the next 72 hours. They had been due to start on Monday in Geneva but have been delayed because of disagreements over which groups can represent the opposition at the table.
Since arriving in Laos on Sunday, Kerry said, he had spoken to the U.N. special envoy for Syria and the foreign ministers of Russia, Saudi Arabia, France and Turkey to try to reach consensus on how the talks will be run and a planned ceasefire would proceed.
“We’re going to have the meeting and (the talks) are going to start,” Kerry told reporters. “But what we are trying to do is to make absolutely certain that when they start everyone is clear about roles and what’s happening so you don’t go there and wind up with a question mark or a failure. You don’t want to start Day One by not being able to make progress.”
He said his conversations with colleagues were mainly about how the cease-fire and confidence-building measures, such as opening up areas for humanitarian access, would work. He declined to elaborate but said any disagreements arising in the Geneva talks would be addressed by another meeting of the 20-odd member International Syria Support Group that is tentatively scheduled for Feb. 11.
Kerry said recent statements from Syrian officials that they will make no concessions at the negotiating table and complaints from opposition figures that they are being forced into the talks reflect only “tensions” and “rumors.” He also denied suggestions of disunity among countries that back the opposition and said U.S. support for foes of Syrian President Bashar Assad remains solid.
“I think these are just tensions. These are things you hear as people are worried,” he said.
Over the weekend, a senior official in Assad’s ruling Baath party said the government would not make any new concessions in the peace talks at a time when the Syrian army with the help of Russia is making progress in different parts of the country.
“We are not going to give today what we did not give over the past five years,” Hilal al-Hilal said late Saturday, during a visit to troops in areas they recently captured from insurgents outside the capital, Damascus.
Kerry said that claim was inconsistent with the positions of Russia and Iran. Assad’s main backers have agreed to a U.N.-supported political transition process that is to form a new government over the next 18 months.
“That doesn’t make sense,” Kerry said. “If that’s their attitude, the war does not end. That is not the Russian attitude. The Russians say [the Syrians] are going to go and they are going to negotiate.”
He added, however, that nothing was certain. “We are going to know very quickly, in a month or two or three, whether these guys are serious.”
Kerry, who met with the chief opposition negotiator in Saudi Arabia on Saturday, also addressed complaints from Assad foes, who say the U.S. and others are giving in to demands from the government and its supporters.
“The position of the United States … hasn’t changed. We are still supporting the opposition, politically, financially and militarily,” he said, adding later: “We completely empowered them. I don’t know where this is coming from.”
The opposition demands that Assad have no role in Syria’s future, even during a transitional period, while Russia, Iran and the government say that is to be determined by the Syrian people. While maintaining that Assad cannot be part of the long-term future, the U.S. and others have dropped demands for his immediate removal and have agreed that the negotiations should decide his fate.
“It’s up to the Syrians to decide what happens to Assad,” Kerry said. “They are the negotiators and they will decide the future.”
Kerry said he had explained to the opposition that the composition of a transitional government would have to be agreed by “mutual consent” from the two sides.
“I told them you have a veto, and so does he and so you’re going to have to decide how to move forward,” he said.
“I just don’t buy into this public back and forth. It doesn’t serve any purpose,” he said. “We have to get to the negotiations without preconditions and get into the discussion of a cease-fire and humanitarian access … and lay down the road ahead for the transition discussion itself and put to test whether they are serious. Or, if they aren’t serious, war will continue.”
“It’s up to them,” he said.