U.S. Vice President Joe Biden travels to Ukraine’s capital on Sunday for a visit aimed at pushing the country toward making reforms and reassuring it that the crisis in Syria is not overshadowing Washington’s concerns about Ukraine.
Fighting between Ukrainian forces and Russia-backed separatists has significantly diminished since early September, after killing some 8,000 people since April 2014, but tensions remain high because of unresolved questions about the final political status of the rebel regions in the east. Meanwhile, Western attention has turned largely toward the fight against Islamic terrorism in Syria and Iraq.
Since Russia began air strikes in Syria on Sept. 30, Ukrainian officials have worried that their own country’s troubles would fade from view, especially if the West begins cooperating with Russia to fight the Islamic State terror group.
Biden’s meetings on Monday with President Petro Poroshenko and Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk, as well as a Tuesday speech at the Ukrainian Parliament, are intended to counter that concern.
The trip “is a strong sign of our support,” a senior U.S. administration official said, asking that his name not be used.
But the official said Biden will also emphasize the need for Ukraine to implement anti-corruption measures. Widespread corruption was one of the issues that galvanized the massive protests that drove Russia-friendly President Viktor Yanukovych from office in February 2014, but efforts since then to counter the problem have shown little result.
Biden’s first event on Monday is to be a roundtable with reform-minded Ukrainian figures.
The U.S. administration also says Biden will reassure Ukraine that Washington’s strategy is to keep sanctions against Russia in place until full implementation of the Minsk Accords, the internationally mediated agreements between Ukraine and Russia on ending the eastern conflict and pulling back weapons.
The United States also imposed other sanctions on Russia specific to its annexation of Crimea in 2014.