Square, the six-year-old company known for its white, cube-shaped credit- and debit-card readers that plug into smartphones, is boosting its planned initial public offering value by 47 percent in what has become a tough market for new companies trying to raise cash.
The San Francisco financial-services startup was founded and is led by Jack Dorsey, who co-founded Twitter and recently returned to lead that company again. Dorsey, 38, who owns 24.4 percent of Square, did not give up the CEO job at Square when he returned to Twitter.
The traditional manner of valuing a company, done by multiplying the total outstanding shares by the price of each share, puts Square’s worth at $4.2 billion if the top end of the pricing range is used. That is substantially lower than a $6 billion valuation by the private investors in connection with the $150 million Series E fundraising in October 2014, according to the website crunchbase.com, which tracks investments in tech companies.
Square Inc. plans to offer just over 31 million shares at a maximum of $13 a piece for total value of up to $403.7 million. That includes about 4 million shares set aside for underwriters. The company had previously filed regulatory papers for an IPO valued at up to $275 million.
Shares will trade under the symbol SQ on the New York Stock Exchange.
A number of companies have recently canceled IPOs, or scaled back their expectations, fearing malaise in U.S. markets. The U.S. IPO market slowed in the third quarter to 34 deals, down 43 percent year over year, according to Renaissance Capital, hurt by the market sell-off over the summer and a lack of tech and energy deals, in particular. Additionally, average IPO returns were negative for the first time since 2011.
Square helps small businesses process credit-card payments on phones and tablet computers, turning them into electronic sales terminals.
Since its founding, Square has added new operations like financing for small businesses and a payment service known as Square Cash that lets individuals and businesses transfer funds to each other. It also operates Caviar, a food delivery service for restaurants. The company plans to use net proceeds from the IPO of about $284.6 million for general corporate purposes, but said it is also looking at potential acquisitions to expand further.
The company had $850 million in revenue last year. Revenue for the first half of this year was $560.6 million, an increase of 51 percent over the same period last year. However, the company had a net loss of $154.1 million in 2014, and a loss of $77.6 million for the first half of 2015, and has warned that it may continue to generate losses as it invests to expand.
Overall, it has piled up an accumulated deficit of almost a half-billion dollars since its inception.