More people sought U.S. unemployment aid last week, but the average for the past month fell to the lowest level in 15 years, a sign that few employers are cutting jobs.
The Labor Department said Thursday that applications for jobless benefits rose 5,000 to a seasonally adjusted 274,000 last week. Yet the four-week average, a less-volatile measure, dropped 1,750 to 266,250, the lowest since April 15, 2000.
The figures indicate that six years after the Great Recession forced 8.5 million layoffs, Americans are enjoying solid job security. Economists note that when adjusted for population growth, the current level of applications is likely at all-time lows.
Applications are a proxy for layoffs. The low readings also suggest that employers are confident about the economy’s health and see little need to shed workers.
The number of Americans receiving aid rose 15,000 to 2.27 million. That figure has fallen 10.7 percent in the past 12 months. Some of those former recipients have likely gotten jobs, but many others used up all the benefits available to them.
The decline in applications for unemployment aid echoes other data that point to a steadily improving job market.
In July, employers added a net 215,000 jobs, and the unemployment rate remained at a seven-year low of 5.3 percent.
The economy has generated 5.6 million jobs in the past two years, putting more paychecks into Americans’ hands. But the steady job gains and falling unemployment rate have yet to boost wages.
Average hourly pay increased just 2.1 percent in July from 12 months earlier, far below the 3.5 percent to 4 percent gains that have historically occurred in healthy economies.
One trend holding back pay has been sluggish increases in worker productivity. Productivity measures output per hour worked and is a gauge of efficiency.
It has expanded just 0.3 percent in the past year, far below the 2.2 percent average annual gain for the past six decades.