As an undercover detective, Wojciech Braszczok was tasked with investigating members of Occupy Wall Street. Going by the name Al, he hung around the group, blended in and was even arrested as a protester. He didn’t carry a gun, a badge or identification bearing his real name. On the surface, he wasn’t a cop.
“Basically, I had no contact with the police department, except for my handler,” he testified this week.
But that all ended when in September 2013 he joined a Manhattan highway motorcycle ride that devolved into pandemonium with an SUV driver beaten bloody in front of his family. On Tuesday, the 34-year-old was convicted for his role in the melee, which burned his cover and is shedding an unwanted light on how the nation’s largest police department cultivates, supervises and protects the identities of undercover officers.
“The nature of the work is secret, but at the end of the day, you’re still a police officer, you have a duty,” said Nick Casale, a former officer-turned-private eye. “You can blow your cover if a crime is about to be committed.”
The 35,000-officer department won’t reveal how many officers work undercover, but it’s believed their ranks are well in the hundreds, if not the thousands.
Supervisors often seek to recruit officers who are tough enough to deal with the stresses of living a double life and who speak foreign languages or have other skills that would allow them to escape detection in narcotics, gun-trafficking, terrorism and other investigations. In a 2009 internal-affairs investigation of a crooked officer dealing drugs out of a barbershop he owned, the department found an officer who had cut hair before joining the force and rented him a chair there.
Recruits are taken off routine duty and diverted into special training programs, then given cover names and stories. Depending on how deep the undercover assignment, any contact with regular police officers and even high-ranking commanders can end there.
Braszczok was born in Poland and speaks English as a second language. He joined the force 12 years ago, first on patrol in Queens before he was tapped to work as an undercover. He made more than 250 illegal substance buys during his time there and was transferred to the department’s Intelligence Division, a unit tasked with security for the mayor but that also handles confidential informants and “infiltrates domestic groups who could cause threats to public safety,” according to testimony.
He was given a new name, Al Malokovitch, and a new investigative target: members of Occupy Wall Street, the protest movement that swarmed lower Manhattan in 2011 and sparked similar anti-wealth gap movements around the globe. When he was arrested, no one knew he was a cop. His handler, another undercover assigned as his contact to the police world, took care of the arrest.
The handler, known in court only as Undercover 7047, testified that Braszczok was required to check in at the beginning and end of his shift. And if he witnessed a crime, he had a duty to report it and to get involved if necessary, even if it meant identifying himself as a detective.
“We all have a duty to take action,” the undercover testified.
On his day off, Braszczok decided to join in the motorcycle ride, which had nothing to do with Occupy. He texted his handler that it was going to be “mayhem.” Prosecutors have suggested Braszczok and the other bikers had made the West Side Highway a personal playground, popping wheelies, slapping car hoods and terrorizing SUV driver Alexian Lien and his wife and toddler, who were headed to New Jersey to shop.
Prosecutors say Braszczok barreled after Lien and was among the bikers who forced his Range Rover to a stop on a side street. The detective eventually drove away while Lien was pulled from the car and attacked on the street.