The Nasdaq composite index inched closer to its all-time high set at the height of the dot-com bubble.
Once again, it was the Federal Reserve affecting much of this week’s market movement. The Fed implied at the end of its two-day meeting Wednesday that its policymakers were in no hurry to raise interest rates with the U.S. economy still growing slowly and inflation extremely low. Friday’s rally was partly an extension of that, strategists said.
The Dow Jones industrial average rose 168.62 points, or 0.9 percent, to 18,127.65. The Standard & Poor’s 500 index rose 18.79 points, or 0.9 percent, to 2,108.06 and the Nasdaq composite added 34.04 points, or 0.7 percent, to 5,026.42.
The Nasdaq closed 22 points from the record high of 5,048 it set in March 2000. It has taken the Nasdaq 15 years to recover from the dot-com bubble, while the S&P 500 and Dow recovered their losses in 2007 and 2006, respectively.
Dow member Nike was among the biggest gainers Friday, rising $3.66, or 3.7 percent, to $101.98. Nike’s results beat expectations, but investors focused more on the fact that foreign sales remain strong despite the rising dollar and overseas market volatility.
The rapid rise in the dollar has been a particular sore spot for investors. The dollar is up more than 8 percent against the major currencies this year, which makes goods made in the U.S. more expensive abroad and has had a direct negative impact on sales. The dollar rose to 120.09 yen from 120.76 yen Thursday. The euro rose to $1.0809 from $1.0668 the previous day.
The latest example was jewelry maker Tiffany & Co., which cut its full-year profit forecast, saying the higher dollar was making its products less attractive to foreign buyers. Tiffany’s stock fell $3.44, or 4 percent, to $82.93.
Oil also helped the market Friday. After dropping more than 3 percent Thursday, U.S. benchmark oil for April delivery jumped $1.76, or 4 percent, to $45.72 a barrel. Energy stocks rose far more than the rest of the market. The S&P 500’s energy sector gained 2 percent.
Oil ended a volatile week up 2 percent even after dropping to its lowest level in six years on Tuesday. Oil inventories are at record highs, but the number of rigs drilling for oil is falling fast and a sliding U.S. dollar is making oil a more attractive investment to overseas buyers.
Brent crude, the international standard, rose 89 cents, or 1.6 percent, to $55.32 a barrel.
In other futures trading on the NYMEX:
- Wholesale gasoline rose 2.4 cents to close at $1.798 a gallon.
- Heating oil rose 1.2 cents to close at $1.734 a gallon.
- Natural gas fell 2.7 cents to close at $2.786 per 1,000 cubic feet.
In the metals markets, precious and industrial metals futures rose. Gold gained $15.60 to $1,184.60 an ounce, silver jumped 77 cents to $16.88 an ounce and copper rose 10 cents to $2.76 a pound.
U.S. government bond prices rose. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note fell to 1.93 percent from 1.97 percent late Thursday.