Improved patient safety and fewer mistakes at U.S. hospitals saved the lives of roughly 50,000 people from 2011 to 2013, the Obama administration reported Tuesday.
Incidents of hospital-induced harm — such as adverse drug events, infections, falls and bedsores — fell by 17 percent, or an estimated 1.3 million episodes, from 2010.
The improvements, driven by a number of public and private initiatives, saved an estimated $12 billion in health care spending, according to a new government report that found dramatic progress in the fight to curb preventable medical injuries at U.S. hospitals.
Of the estimated 50,000 fewer deaths, a decline in bedsores, or pressure ulcers, helped save roughly 20,300 lives. A drop in adverse drug events — such as overdoses or administering the wrong medication — saved another 11,500 lives.
Fewer falls by hospitalized patients saved 6,400 lives, the study found.
In a speech Tuesday in Baltimore, Health and Human Services Secretary Sylvia Mathews Burwell said the new HHS estimates represented “historic progress on health care quality. … A 17 percent reduction in hospital-acquired conditions is a big deal, but it’s only a start,” Burwell said. “No American should ever lose his or her life, or spend the holidays in the hospital, because of a condition that could have been prevented.”
Hospital-induced harm to patients has been a black cloud over the U.S. health care system for decades. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 2 million people each year suffer hospital-acquired infections, such as bloodstream and urinary tract infections caused by catheters.
In 2010, the government estimated that 27 percent of hospitalized Medicare patients sustained injuries associated with their care. Half of these patients had one or more episodes that prolonged their hospital stays, caused permanent harm, required lifesaving interventions or resulted in death, HHS investigators found.
The Institute of Medicine, a nongovernmental, nonprofit group under the auspices of the National Academy of Sciences, estimated in 1999 that 98,000 people die in U.S. hospitals each year from medical problems that could have been averted.
But a report published last year in the Journal of Patient Safety said the actual number of deaths is much larger. It estimated that 210,000 to 440,000 hospital patients experience preventable medical episodes each year that contribute to their deaths.
Those numbers would put medical errors behind only heart disease and cancer in the list of leading causes of death in the U.S., according to CDC data. The findings helped spur HHS, health care providers and a variety of public-private efforts to identify and use best practices that reduce hospital-acquired medical conditions.
“Never before have we been able to bring so many hospitals, clinicians and experts together to share in a common goal… We have built an ‘infrastructure of improvement’ that will aid hospitals and the health care field for years to come and has spurred the results you see today.,” said Rich Umbdenstock, the president and CEO of the American Hospital Association.
Affordable Care Act provisions that provide incentives for hospitals to cut readmissions among Medicare patients also appear to be working..