Business Economists Report Solid But Slowing Growth in Third Quarter

WASHINGTON (Los Angeles Times/MCT) -

Business economists reported solid but slowing growth at their companies over the summer, as gauges of sales, hiring and profit margins fell slightly from the second quarter, according to survey results released Monday.

Despite concerns about economic conditions in Europe, respondents in the quarterly survey by the National Association for Business Economics said they were more optimistic about overall U.S. growth than they were in July.

About 85 percent said they expected total economic output, or gross domestic product, to expand by more than 2 percent over the next year. That compared with 77 percent with those expectations in the last quarterly survey.

“Business conditions continued to improve during the third quarter, albeit at a marginally subdued pace from that of the second quarter, and the majority of the NABE Business Conditions Survey panelists report strong expectations for continued economic growth,” John Silvia, the chief economist for Wells Fargo Securities, who serves as the organization’s president, said in a statement.

The findings are in line with analysts’ forecasts for solid economic growth in the third quarter of the year, but a drop-off from the strong 4.6 percent annual rate in the previous quarter. Part of that robust second-quarter expansion was the economy catching up from a weather-induced contraction over the winter.

Sales growth at businesses slowed in the third quarter, with 49 percent reporting rising sales, compared with 57 percent in the previous quarter, the survey said.

The group’s overall sales index, which includes the percentage of firms expecting unchanged and falling sales, decreased slightly to 42 from the previous quarter’s 45.

Sales expectations for the next three months also were down, the survey said.

The share of economists reporting increased employment at their firms dropped to 32 percent in the third quarter, from 36 percent in the previous quarter, and expectations for hiring over the next three months also were down.

With several indicators running lower, the index for profit margins was off, as well.

Although 30 percent of respondents said their companies’ profit margins had increased in the third quarter, compared with 27 percent in the previous quarter, the percentage of economists reporting falling profit margins rose to 14, from 8.

That caused the profit-margin index to drop slightly.

The economists also weighed in with their expectations for when the Federal Reserve will start raising its benchmark short-term interest rate, which has been near zero since late 2008.

About 77 percent said they anticipated interest rates to begin rising in the second half of next year or later. Their views are in line with Fed analysts.