U.S. consumers are more confident about the economy than they have been in nearly seven years.
The Conference Board said Tuesday that its confidence index rose to 90.9 in July from an upwardly revised 86.4 in June. The July reading is the highest since October 2007, two months before the Great Recession officially began.
It was the third straight increase in the index. Economists said that strong job growth has helped boost consumers’ assessment of current conditions and also improved their outlook on jobs and the economy.
“Americans felt … a lot more confident in July,” said Jennifer Lee, senior economist at BMO Capital Markets. She said that part of the confidence boost likely came from declining gas prices.
Conference Board economist Lynn Franco said that the improvements in consumers’ confidence and expectations about the future indicate that the recent strengthening in overall economic growth should continue in the second half of the year.
Confidence has been rising since bottoming out in February 2009 at 25.3. The index is now well above last year’s average of 72.3, and with July’s gain, it has now returned to a level above 90, where it often hovered before the recession.
Consumers’ attitudes are closely watched because their spending accounts for about 70 percent of U.S. economic activity.
For July, consumer assessment of the labor market improved, with those saying that jobs were plentiful increasing to 15.9 percent, up from 14.6 percent.
Consumers’ expectations about the future were also more optimistic, with those anticipating more jobs in the months ahead increasing to 19.1 percent, up from 16.3 percent in June.
The unemployment rate fell to 6.1 percent in June, the lowest level since September 2008. Employers added 288,000 jobs in June, marking the fifth straight month of job gains above 200,000. That is the best such stretch since the late 1990s tech boom.
Economists believe that the job gains will continue in coming months and that will help propel the economy to stronger growth.
In the January-March quarter, economic output went into reverse, falling at an annual rate of 2.9 percent. That big drop was blamed in large part on severe winter weather. Those conditions dampened everything from trips to the mall by shoppers to factory production.
The government will provide its first look at economic activity in the April-June period on Wednesday, and economists are predicting a solid rebound to growth of around 2.9 percent. Analysts believe the economy will pick up even more momentum in the second half of the year, helped by further job gains providing people with more money to spend.