Many Americans took on more credit-card debt and failed to make timely payments in the final quarter of 2013, when consumers typically crank up spending on year-end shopping.
Even so, the national late-payment rate remained close to its lowest level in six years, credit-reporting agency TransUnion said Tuesday.
The rate of credit-card payments at least 90 days overdue was 1.48 percent in the October-December quarter. That’s up from 1.36 percent in the previous three-month period, but down from 1.61 percent in the fourth quarter of 2012, the firm said.
Average card debt per borrower rose 1.7 percent from the third quarter, to $5,325. It slipped 1 percent from a year earlier.
A sequential uptick in late payments and card balances is common in the fourth quarter, which coincides with the year-end shopping season. Many consumers use cards to supplement their spending, and often put off making timely payments until the following year.
The latest card delinquency rate remains below the average rate of about 2.2 percent going back to 2007. The lowest card-payment rate on the firm’s books was set in the second quarter last year, at 1.27 percent. The firm draws its figures from data culled from virtually every U.S. consumer who uses credit.
TransUnion projects the credit-card delinquency rate will increase to around 1.57 percent in the January-March period.
Borrowing on credit cards plunged after the Great Recession, as financial institutions tightened lending standards and households became more cautious about taking on high-interest debt at a time when millions of people were losing their jobs.
But over the past year, consumers have become more confident and have been willing to take on debt. Most of those gains have come in the category that covers auto and student loans, but credit-card borrowing has been rising, if more slowly.
Credit-card debt climbed by $5 billion December, the largest jump since May, according to the Federal Reserve.
Regardless, credit-card debt is still 15.7 percent below its peak, above $1 trillion, reached in July 2008. Credit-card debt in December stood at $861.9 billion, up just 1.9 percent from a year ago, according to the Fed.
Meanwhile, the number of new credit-card accounts opened by consumers increased 11 percent, to just under 12 million, in the third quarter from a year earlier. The data lag by a quarter, so the latest TransUnion figures cover the July-September period.
While the numbers indicate lenders are signing up more borrowers to new credit-card accounts, the number of credit-card accounts trails levels last seen before the 2008 financial crisis.
“There are still at least 40 million fewer credit-card accounts active in the marketplace than what we observed just five years ago,” said Ezra Becker, vice president of research and consulting at TransUnion’s financial services business unit.
TransUnion’s data also suggest that there is a reduced demand for new credit by borrowers with the highest, or prime, credit scores.
Becker points to industry reports showing that direct mail solicitations for new credit grew by about 30 percent last year, but new card accounts only rose about 11 percent in the same period.
“In short, consumers are managing the cards they have in their wallets effectively, and do not seem to be seeking additional card credit at this point,” Becker said.