Egypt Designates Brotherhood as Terrorist Group

(Reuters) -
An Egyptian police major general points toward a sign in Arabic that reads, “Yes to the constitution; Egyptians love their country,” in Tahrir Square, Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday. The constitutional referendum is to be held on Jan. 14 and 15, 2014. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
An Egyptian police major general points toward a sign in Arabic that reads, “Yes to the constitution; Egyptians love their country,” in Tahrir Square, Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday. The constitutional referendum is to be held on Jan. 14 and 15, 2014. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)

The Egyptian government intensified its crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood Wednesday, formally listing the group as a terrorist organization after accusing it of carrying out a suicide bomb attack on a police station that killed 16 people.

The Brotherhood condemned the attack on Tuesday in the Nile Delta city of Mansoura, north of Cairo. Earlier in the day, a Sinai-based terrorist group, Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis had claimed responsibility for the attack that wounded some 140 people.

The move gives authorities power to charge any member of deposed President Morsi’s movement with belonging to a terrorist group, as well as anyone who finances the group or promotes it “verbally, or in writing.”

The Muslim Brotherhood, founded in 1928, was Egypt’s best-organized political force until this summer’s crackdown. It estimates its membership at up to 1 million people.

The government had said it would take harsh measures following Tuesday’s attack, which it said would not stop a political road map, whose first step before elections is a constitutional referendum due to be held in January.

The army deposed Morsi in July following mass protests against his rule.

The government decision is the latest step in a crackdown that has put thousands of Brotherhood supporters in jail, including most of the group’s top leadership.

Hundreds of Morsi supporters have been killed in the crackdown by security forces, and the group has already been banned by a court that ordered its assets to be seized.

Since Morsi’s downfall, at least 350 members of the security forces have been killed in bombings and shootings.

Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, meaning “Supporters of Jerusalem”, has claimed responsibility for a number of the attacks since Morsi’s downfall, including a failed bid to kill the interior minister in September.

In its statement claiming responsibility for the Mansoura attack, Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis blamed the army-backed government for fighting “Islamic legitimacy” and spilling the blood of “oppressed Muslims”.

Following Tuesday’s attack, Prime Minister Hazem el-Beblawi described the Brotherhood as a terrorist group. Wednesday’s move formalizes that step.

“All of Egypt … was terrified by the ugly crime that the Muslim Brotherhood group committed by blowing up the building of the Dakahlyia security directorate,” an emailed statement from the interim government’s cabinet office said.

“The cabinet decided to declare the Muslim Brotherhood group a terrorist organization.”

It reiterated past accusations against the group, including torturing people at its protest camps set up after Morsi’s ouster,  and attacking churches.

In the last week, Morsi and other top Brotherhood leaders have been charged with terrorism and plotting with foreign groups against Egypt, crimes that can carry the death penalty.