Stocks had been falling this week after a string of positive economic reports made investors worry that the Fed would soon pull back on its $85 billion in monthly bond purchases, which have kept long-term interest rates low and supported the stock market.
Now that hiring is showing consistent strength, investors seem to be letting go of their worry that the economy isn’t ready for the Fed to start weaning the U.S. off that stimulus.
“The jobs report was outstanding,” said Randy Frederick, a director of trading and derivatives at Charles Schwab. “It’s refreshing to see the markets react positively, because we’ve been in a mode for so long of ‘good news is bad news.’”
Employers added 203,000 jobs last month after adding 200,000 in October, the Labor Department announced before the U.S. stock market opened on Friday. November’s job gain helped lower the unemployment rate to 7 percent from 7.3 percent in October.
Stocks jumped at the open and moved higher throughout the day. The Dow Jones industrial average rose by as much as 200 points in early afternoon trading before easing back slightly before the close.
The Dow closed up 198.69 points, or 1.3 percent, to 16,020.20. The Standard & Poor’s 500 index rose 20.06 points, or 1.1 percent, to 1,805.09, its biggest gain in a month. The Nasdaq composite climbed 29.36, or 0.7 percent, to 4,062.52.
All 10 sectors in the S&P 500 index rose. Industrial stocks and others that tend to rise the most when the economy is growing posted some of the biggest gains. The jobs report showed that manufacturers added 27,000 jobs, the most since March 2012.
General Electric rose 49 cents, or 2 percent, to $26.94. Plane maker Boeing increased $2.45, or 2 percent, to $135.18.
“Now we’re getting investors trading more on fundamentals and long-term earnings for next year,” said Mike Serio, regional Chief Investment Officer for Wells Fargo Private Bank. “There may be some backbone to the economy.”
Friday’s jobs news follows other upbeat signals this week on housing, manufacturing and economic growth.
Signs that the recovery is becoming more entrenched may lure more buyers back into the stock market, supporting prices, said JJ Kinahan, chief derivatives strategist at TD Ameritrade. Despite steady gains for the market over the last five years, some investors have remained wary after the collapse of 2008.
“We’re seeing good numbers,” Kinahan said. “Does this encourage people who have been underinvested all year to come in and spend some money on the market?”
Friday’s gains ended a mini-slump for the market in December. Fears of the Fed pulling back on its stimulus had made traders nervous when they saw the slew of good economic reports.
The good-news-is-bad-news attitude has at times stalled the market’s impressive run-up this year.
The S&P 500 index fell 1.5 percent in June when Fed chairman Ben Bernanke said that policy makers could start scaling back stimulus later in the year. In August, the market dipped again, falling 3.1 percent, as bond yields climbed in anticipation of the end of stimulus.
But those were brief interruptions. The S&P 500 has surged 26.6 percent in 2013, putting it on track for its best year since 1998.
Corporations have kept growing their earnings and the Fed’s stimulus has kept bond yields low, making stocks a more attractive investment relative to bonds.
Fed policy makers have stressed that a gradual reduction in stimulus won’t necessarily lead directly to higher short-term lending rates.
“The Fed has been trying for several months now to get the market to realize that tapering and tightening aren’t the same thing,” said Schwab’s Frederick. “The market is finally realizing that.”
In U.S. government bond trading, the yield on the 10-year Treasury note fell to 2.86 percent, from 2.87 percent Thursday.
The bond market’s muted reaction to the strong jobs report may have been because the Fed was buying debt securities, said Jack Ablin, chief investment officer at BMO Private Bank. The central bank was scheduled to buy between $4.25 billion and $5.25 billion of Treasury notes on Friday, according to its monthly purchasing schedule, Ablin said.
Opinion among analysts is still divided as to when the Fed will start to cut back its purchases. Most believe that policy makers will want to see a longer trend of improving economic data before they start winding down. That makes a move at their next meeting, Dec. 17-18, unlikely.
“Everyone is still looking at the Fed beginning to reduce its bond purchases sometime next year,” said Kate Warne, a research principal at investment adviser Edward Jones. “The data was strong, but it wasn’t strong enough to change anything from yesterday.”
The Fed’s first two meetings next year are in January and March.
Among stocks making big moves:
- Intel rose 56 cents, or 2.3 percent, to $24.82, after a Citigroup analyst upgraded the company’s stock to “buy” from “neutral” because PC demand had stabilized.
- J.C. Penney fell 77 cents, or 8.7 percent, to $8.08 after the struggling retailer said late Thursday that the Securities and Exchange Commission is looking into its liquidity, debt and other financial matters, raising concerns about the company’s financial health.
- Barnes & Noble has also been talking to the SEC. The company’s stock fell $1.96, or 12 percent, to $14.43 on Friday after the bookseller said it was cooperating with the regulator on an investigation into its accounting.