Americans boosted their spending at retail businesses only modestly in August, indicating that economic growth remains sluggish. Consumers bought more cars, furniture and electronics last month, but held back on most other purchases.
Spending at retail businesses rose just 0.2 percent last month, the Commerce Department said Friday, the smallest gain in four months. But the government said retail spending was stronger in the previous month than first estimated, revising the July estimate to 0.4 percent, from 0.2 percent
Excluding volatile spending on autos, gas and building supplies, sales in August increased just 0.2 percent, or less than half July’s 0.5 percent gain.
Consumers may be growing more cautious about spending, a trend that could slow economic growth in the July-September quarter. Slow wage growth, modest job gains and higher taxes have limited Americans’ spending power.
Retail sales are closely watched because they’re the government’s first look each month at consumer spending, which accounts for 70 percent of economic activity.
“Consumer spending remained stuck in middle gear in the summer,” said Sal Guatieri, an economist at BMO Capital Markets.
Guatieri says that spending is growing at an annual rate of roughly 2 percent in the current July-September quarter, about the same as the previous quarter. That suggests economic growth is slowing to an annual rate of about two percent, down from the 2.5 percent annual rate that the government estimated for the April-June quarter.
Most economists said the retail sales figures are likely healthy enough for the Federal Reserve to begin cutting back its monthly bond purchases when it meets next week. The Fed is buying $85 billion in Treasury bonds and mortgage-backed securities each month, to keep interest rates low and spur more borrowing and spending.
Sales of both autos and furniture jumped 0.9 percent in August. Electronics and appliance sales rose 0.8 percent. But clothing sales dropped 0.8 percent, and sporting goods sales also fell.
Last week, automakers reported that their sales in August topped 16 million at an annual pace, for the first time since November 2007, just before the recession began. Toyota, Ford, Nissan, Honda, Chrysler and General Motors all posted double-digit gains over last August.
But many retailers have said in recent weeks that shoppers have been reluctant to spend freely for back-to-school shopping. According to a tally of 10 retail chains by the International Council of Shopping Centers, sales rose 3.6 percent last month. That’s down from a six percent gain in August 2012.
Job gains have been steady this year. But the pace of hiring has been too weak to rapidly lower the unemployment rate, which is 7.3 percent, four years after the Great Recession officially ended.