Border Security At Issue in Immigration Bill


Bickering across a deep divide, supporters of immigration legislation pushed back hard Wednesday against Republican demands for tougher border security measures before millions living illegally in the country could take the first steps toward U.S. citizenship.

Even uncontroversial changes were snared in the political crossfire that erupted on the first full day of debate on the measure, as the two sides failed to agree on terms for voting on seemingly neutral proposals such as granting tribal officials a place on a Border Oversight Task Force.

Public polling shows general support both for tougher border security and for allowing those living in the United States to gain citizenship after meeting certain conditions. On an issue as contentious as immigration, that made the intersection of the two a fertile ground for dispute.

As drafted, the legislation “authorizes a permanent legalization program for illegal immigrants regardless of whether the Mexican border is ever secured,” said Sen. John Cornyn (R-Texas). The Senate’s second-ranking leader also wants other measures implemented, including a biometric system to check everyone departing the country at a sea or airport, that Sen. Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.), said could take a quarter-century to take effect fully.

“We cannot, should not and will not tell those who have waited in the shadows for so long that they should wait for 25 years,” said Schumer, who was part of a bipartisan “Gang of Eight” group of senators who negotiated the bill’s basic provisions and then protected it from major changes in the Judiciary Committee last month.

In addition to taking steps to secure the border and begin a legalization process for millions, the legislation would increase the number of visas for highly skilled workers, create a new program for the lesser-skilled to work in the United States and overturn a family-based system for legal immigration that has been in place for decades.

Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nev.), has said he wants a final vote on the measure before July 4.