Syrian rebels shot down a military helicopter in the country’s east, killing eight government troops on board as President Bashar Assad’s troops battled opposition forces inside a sprawling military air base in the north for the second straight day, activists said Monday.
The downing of the helicopter was a welcome victory for rebels fighting to oust Assad as the two sides remain locked in stalemate in the more than 2-year-old conflict.
In Geneva, a U.N. commission probing alleged war crimes and other abuses in Syria on Monday distanced itself from claims by one of its members that Syrian rebels have used the nerve agent sarin, but not the regime.
The panel said it has no conclusive evidence about the alleged use of sarin as chemical weapons.
In Washington, White House spokesman Jay Carney said it’s highly likely that the Assad regime and not the Syrian opposition was behind any chemical weapons use in Syria.
The dueling statements highlighted the difficulties of investigating allegations of chemical weapons use.
President Barack Obama has said the use of chemical weapons by the regime is a “red line” but he needs more time to determine if Assad’s forces had used chemical weapons in the Syria’s civil war.
The latest controversy was sparked by Carla Del Ponte, a former war crimes prosecutor.
She told the Italian-language Swiss public broadcaster SRI in an interview late Sunday that
her panel’s investigators have “strong, concrete suspicions but not yet incontrovertible proof of the use of sarin gas from the way the victims were treated.”
“We have evidence on the use of chemical weapons, in particular sarin. Not by the government, but the opposition,” Del Ponte said, adding that this was based on interviews with victims, doctors and field hospitals in neighboring countries.
On Monday, the commission said that it “wishes to clarify that it has not reached conclusive findings as to the use of chemical weapons in Syria by any parties to the conflict.” As a result, “the commission is not in a position to further comment on the allegations at this time,” a statement said.
The four-member panel was appointed by the 47-nation Human Rights Council, the U.N.’s top human rights body, to gather evidence on suspected war crimes and other abuses. It began its investigation in August 2011.
It has had almost no access to Syria, though earlier this year it said it had conducted at least 1,500 interviews and exhaustively corroborated its findings with other sources.