Holocaust Survivors Speak

Mrs. Dina Fishman (Part II)

As told to Mrs. Chaya Feigy Grossman   Can you describe ghetto life? After Pesach we were taken to the ghettos. We were in the ghetto for five weeks, until…

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Mrs. Dina Fishman (Part I)

Please tell me where you were born. I was born in Romania, in a small town named Lot with 37 Jewish families. It was a chassidishe town, where all the…

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Rabbi Hersh Meir Lichtig (Part V)

When did you begin to experience liberation? We went into the kitchens. There was so much food there, and we had been starving from hunger. We grabbed! We grabbed flour…

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Rabbi Hersh Meir Lichtig – Part IV

For how long did you walk in the death march? We walked until the beginning of March. These were the hardest months. We walked in the heavy snow without any…

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Rabbi Hersh Meir Lichtig – Part III

What were Shabbos and Yom Tov like? (continued) The basements of these factories were unfinished. It seems that the Germans had a superstition — they didn’t want to go into…

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Rabbi Hersh Meir Lichtig (Part II)

When you were still home in Sosnowiec, did you know what was happening in other parts of Poland and Europe? We didn’t know anything. We weren’t even allowed to have…

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Rabbi Hersh Meir Lichtig (Part I)

Where were you born? I came from the town of Sosnowiec — Sosnovitz — in Poland. There were all types of Jewish people living there — Chassidim, Misnagdim, the in-betweens…

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Reuven Luwkowicz (Part V)

Did you return to your hometown? In September, around the time of the Yamim Tovim, I was given a week off from work. I went back to Poland to see…

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Reuven Luwkowicz (Part IV)

What happened upon your arrival in Auschwitz? The whole camp was transported during the night to Auschwitz. When we arrived, they couldn’t decide what to do with us. Should we…

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Reuven Luwkowicz (Part III)

Did you experience ghetto life? At this point, the ghetto was closed in more and it was made quite small. There were about 10,000 people left in the ghetto. There…

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Reuven Luwkowicz (Part II)

Can you describe what happened once the Germans invaded your town? On Friday, September 1, 1939, the Germans invaded our town. They marched in and stole whatever they wanted. Monday…

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Reuven Luwkowicz (Part I)

Can you tell me where you were born? My name is Reuven Luwkowicz. I was born in Czenstochova, Poland, which borders Germany. It was a very frum shtetl. There were…

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Pearl Samet (Part IV)

What happened to the other members of your family? One sister was 21 years old at the time. It was Isru Chag, two or three weeks before liberation, when she…

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Mrs. Pearl Samet (Part III)

We stood in a line, and Mengele came down the line. He told each person where to go. If you could work he sent you to the right. We had…

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Mrs. Pearl Samet (Part II)

Next they rounded us up. First they crowded us into the shul in the center of town, and then they put us in the school. We stayed in the school…

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Mrs. Pearl Samet (Part I)

Can you tell me where you were born? I was born in a small village in Tarkay, Czechoslovakia, known as Darkain. There was Klein [Smaller] Darkain and Grois [Greater] Darkain.…

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Mrs. Esther Grunwald (Part VIII)

For how long did you walk in the Death March? There were many families who came from the family camps to Theresienstadt. In Theresienstadt we were put into quarantine. There…

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Mrs. Esther Grunwald (Part VII)

Can you describe your experience in Birkenau? A few days later it was announced that Mengele was coming. Whoever was capable of working would go along with him. My sister…

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Mrs. Esther Grunwald (Part VI)

Can you describe your experience in Birkenau? One day a stone was thrown over the fence from the men’s camp into the women’s camp, with writing on it that read,…

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Esther Greenwald (Part V)

When were you deported from the ghetto, and where were you taken? In early June, we were called together for a selection of those who would leave on the first…

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