Holocaust Survivors Speak

Reuven Luwkowicz (Part V)

Did you return to your hometown? In September, around the time of the Yamim Tovim, I was given a week off from work. I went back to Poland to see…

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Reuven Luwkowicz (Part IV)

What happened upon your arrival in Auschwitz? The whole camp was transported during the night to Auschwitz. When we arrived, they couldn’t decide what to do with us. Should we…

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Reuven Luwkowicz (Part III)

Did you experience ghetto life? At this point, the ghetto was closed in more and it was made quite small. There were about 10,000 people left in the ghetto. There…

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Reuven Luwkowicz (Part II)

Can you describe what happened once the Germans invaded your town? On Friday, September 1, 1939, the Germans invaded our town. They marched in and stole whatever they wanted. Monday…

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Reuven Luwkowicz (Part I)

Can you tell me where you were born? My name is Reuven Luwkowicz. I was born in Czenstochova, Poland, which borders Germany. It was a very frum shtetl. There were…

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Pearl Samet (Part IV)

What happened to the other members of your family? One sister was 21 years old at the time. It was Isru Chag, two or three weeks before liberation, when she…

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Mrs. Pearl Samet (Part III)

We stood in a line, and Mengele came down the line. He told each person where to go. If you could work he sent you to the right. We had…

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Mrs. Pearl Samet (Part II)

Next they rounded us up. First they crowded us into the shul in the center of town, and then they put us in the school. We stayed in the school…

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Mrs. Pearl Samet (Part I)

Can you tell me where you were born? I was born in a small village in Tarkay, Czechoslovakia, known as Darkain. There was Klein [Smaller] Darkain and Grois [Greater] Darkain.…

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Mrs. Esther Grunwald (Part VIII)

For how long did you walk in the Death March? There were many families who came from the family camps to Theresienstadt. In Theresienstadt we were put into quarantine. There…

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Mrs. Esther Grunwald (Part VII)

Can you describe your experience in Birkenau? A few days later it was announced that Mengele was coming. Whoever was capable of working would go along with him. My sister…

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Mrs. Esther Grunwald (Part VI)

Can you describe your experience in Birkenau? One day a stone was thrown over the fence from the men’s camp into the women’s camp, with writing on it that read,…

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Esther Greenwald (Part V)

When were you deported from the ghetto, and where were you taken? In early June, we were called together for a selection of those who would leave on the first…

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Mrs. Esther Greenwald (Part IV)

Did you experience ghetto life? After Pesach, a spokesman in the town announced that on the following Monday, everyone would be put into the ghettos. We were told to pack…

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Mrs. Esther Greenwald (Part III)

How was your family personally affected by the onset of the war in other countries? In 1942, two of my brothers were taken away to working camps. We tried to…

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Mrs. Esther Grunwald (Part II)

When did you first begin feeling the effects of the outbreak of World War II? In our town there were hoodlums who became terrorists. They had uniforms and could do…

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Mrs. Esther Greenwald (Part I)

Can you tell me where you were born? My name is Esther Grunwald née Wulliger. I was born in Ephaze, Hungary. There were around 20 chassidishe families living there. There…

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Rebbetzin Rottenberg (Kosono Rebbetzin) Part III

When were you liberated? Not long after we reached Bergen-Belsen, we saw the Germans walking with white bands on their arms, showing that they had given up. Once the Americans…

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Rebbetzin Rottenberg (Part II)

The daughter of Rabbi Bleich, the gabbai of our town, was there with us. I was 16 years old and she was 21. Before we parted, my mother said to…

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