Holocaust Survivors Speak

Mrs. Esther Grunwald (Part VII)

Can you describe your experience in Birkenau? A few days later it was announced that Mengele was coming. Whoever was capable of working would go along with him. My sister…

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Mrs. Esther Grunwald (Part VI)

Can you describe your experience in Birkenau? One day a stone was thrown over the fence from the men’s camp into the women’s camp, with writing on it that read,…

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Esther Greenwald (Part V)

When were you deported from the ghetto, and where were you taken? In early June, we were called together for a selection of those who would leave on the first…

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Mrs. Esther Greenwald (Part IV)

Did you experience ghetto life? After Pesach, a spokesman in the town announced that on the following Monday, everyone would be put into the ghettos. We were told to pack…

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Mrs. Esther Greenwald (Part III)

How was your family personally affected by the onset of the war in other countries? In 1942, two of my brothers were taken away to working camps. We tried to…

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Mrs. Esther Grunwald (Part II)

When did you first begin feeling the effects of the outbreak of World War II? In our town there were hoodlums who became terrorists. They had uniforms and could do…

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Mrs. Esther Greenwald (Part I)

Can you tell me where you were born? My name is Esther Grunwald née Wulliger. I was born in Ephaze, Hungary. There were around 20 chassidishe families living there. There…

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Rebbetzin Rottenberg (Kosono Rebbetzin) Part III

When were you liberated? Not long after we reached Bergen-Belsen, we saw the Germans walking with white bands on their arms, showing that they had given up. Once the Americans…

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Rebbetzin Rottenberg (Part II)

The daughter of Rabbi Bleich, the gabbai of our town, was there with us. I was 16 years old and she was 21. Before we parted, my mother said to…

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Mr. Yoel Steiner (Part III)

Can you tell us about the years you spent away from your family and your return to Yiddishkeit? (continuation of last week) There was a man by the name of…

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Mr. Yoel Steiner (Part II)

Do you know what happened to the rest of your family? My parents were quite wealthy. They owned two apartment houses in Vienna. Apparently they had [enough] money to support…

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Mr. Yoel Steiner

Can you tell me where you were born? My name is Yoel Steiner. I am an only child. I was born in Vienna on July 4, 1928. We lived together…

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Rabbi Leibish Adler (Part IX)

Can you tell us about life in Toronto? I had an uncle living in Toronto. He sent me a ticket to come live with him. Upon arriving, there was no…

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Rabbi Leibish Adler (Part VIII)

Where did you go once you left your grandparents’ home? I traveled to Prague, where I found work. I stayed in a hotel where the Joint paid for my lodging.…

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Rabbi Leibish Adler (Part VII)

Can you tell us about liberation? (Cont.) I dragged myself to the electric gate of the camp and saw that it was open and unguarded. This was the gate I…

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Rabbi Leibish Adler (Part VI)

For how long did you remain in Auschwitz? After having the lice sit on my open wound, I felt very sick and went to the hospital in Durnau. The doctor…

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Rabbi Leibish Adler (Part V)

Hunger turns men into animals. The will to live is very strong. In Durnau I met two righteous men from my hometown of Munkacs, men known for their noble and…

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Rabbi Leibish Adler (Part IV)

For how long did you remain in Auschwitz? I remained in Auschwitz for one week, but to us it seemed like a year. From there I was transported to Durnau…

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Rabbi Adler (Part III)

After the ghetto was cleaned out we waited for the next horrific scene to begin. We were loaded into the infamous cattle cars — my mother, my brothers, my sisters…

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