This Day in History

This Day In History 27 Tammuz/July 21

In 5082/1322, France expelled all Jews for the third time. In 5498/1738, two Jews, including a Russian naval officer who had converted to Judaism (having been influenced and/or taught by…

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This Day In History 26 Tammuz/July 20

In 5519/1759, the Baal Shem Tov and Harav Chaim Hakohen Rappaport of Lemberg, on orders of that city’s bishop, debated the heretical Frankists. By winning the debate, they prevented the…

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This Day In History 25 Tammuz/July 19

5662/1902, anti-Jewish rioters attacked the levayah of Harav Yaakov Yosef in New York City. When the entourage passed the R. Hoe and Company factory, its non-Jewish workers threw refuse and…

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This Day In History 24 Tammuz/July 18

In 4859/1099, after conquering Yerushalayim, the Crusaders herded the city’s Jews into a shul and set it aflame; all the Jews perished in the fire. H”yd. Yahrtzeiten 5626/1866, Harav Yitzchak…

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This Day In History 23 Tammuz/July 17

23 Tammuz In 4859/1099, the Crusaders captured Yerushalayim from the Muslims. In 5415/1655, Chmielnicki’s hordes attacked Vilna and killed many Jews. Hy”d. In 5615/1855, Harav Avraham Yaakov of Sadigura, zt”l,…

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This Day In History 20 Tammuz/July 14

In 5654/1894, many Jews of Vilna were killed during the Polish uprising. Jews of Vilna held a fast day to commemorate the tragedy. In 5704/1944, the Nazis destroyed the Kovno…

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This Day In History 19 Tammuz/July 13

In 5701/1941, 6,000 Lithuanian Jews were killed in Viszaslyan camp. Hy”d. Yahrtzeiten 5434/1674, Harav Aharon Shmuel Koidenover, zt”l, mechaber of Birkas Hazevach 5758/1998, Harav Benzion Abba Shaul, zt”l, Rosh Yeshivah…

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This Day In History 18 Tammuz/July 12

In 5029/1269, Louis IX, king of France, decreed that all Jews must wear the distinctive yellow badge, known as “the badge of shame.” In 5298/1538, the community of Candia (Crete),…

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This Day In History 17 Tammuz/July 11

Today is a fast day, declared by the Neviim, that marks the beginning of the Three Weeks of mourning the Churban. Yahrtzeiten 5515/1755, Harav Yitzchak Hakohen Rappaport, zt”l, mechaber of…

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This Day In History 16 Tammuz/July 10

16 Tammuz In 2449/1312 B.C.E., the egel (golden calf) was formed by the erev rav. Assuming that Moshe Rabbeinu would not return, they turned to Chur, the son of Kalev…

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This Day In History 13 Tammuz/July 7

In 5283/1523, the first printed edition of Sefer Hachinuch appeared. In 5701/1941, wearing of the yellow star was decreed for all Jews in the Baltic States. In 5702/1942, Minsk (Russia)…

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This Day In History 12 Tammuz/July 6

In 3333/428 B.C.E., Yechezkel Hanavi was instructed by Hashem to lie on his left side for 390 days in order to atone for the sins of Klal Yisrael. From the…

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This Day In History 11 Tammuz/July 5

In 5534/1774, the Jews of Algiers escaped an attack by the Spanish Army. A Purim of Tammuz was established to mark the nes. In 5687/1927, a major earthquake struck Yerushalayim.…

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This Day In History 10 Tammuz/July 4

In 5026/1266, 12 Jews of Cologne were killed al kiddush Hashem. Hy”d. In 5480/1720, a fast day was established by the Jewish community of Frankfurt-am-Main to mark the escape of…

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This Day In History 9 Tammuz/July 3

9 Tammuz In 5004/1244, at least 20 wagons loaded with Gemaros and commentaries were burned in France on Friday of Parashas Chukas. Many writings of the Baalei Tosafos were lost.…

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This Day In History 6 Tammuz/June 30

In 5552/1792, the Jews of Ostroha were saved during the Russian-Polish war. The kehillah established this day as Purim Ostroha to commemorate the miracle. In 5701/1941, the city of Lvov…

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This Day In History 5 Tammuz/June 29

In 5408/1648, during the pogroms of Tach v’Tat led by Chmielnicki, the city of Vilna was burnt down; many Jews from Vilna and its environs were killed al kiddush Hashem.…

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This Day In History 4 Tammuz/June 28

In 5046/1286, Rabbeinu Meir of Rothenberg was imprisoned. In 5701/1941, only a few days after Romania was annexed by Nazi Germany, the Nazis initiated a massive pogrom in the city…

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This Day In History 3 Tammuz/June 27

In 2489/1272 B.C.E., Yehoshua prevented the sun from setting for 24 hours, or, as some say, 36 or 48 hours (Avodah Zarah 25). In 5416/1656, Harav Menashe ben Yisrael petitioned…

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This Day In History 2 Tammuz/June 26

2 Tammuz In 4856/1096, the Crusaders arrived in the city of Weltzk, assembled all the Jews and led them to their deaths. Hy”d. Yahrtzeiten 5525/1765, Harav Nachman of Horodenka, zt”l…

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