South Korea’s president said Wednesday he’s open to meeting with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un if certain conditions are met, as he vowed to push for more talks and cooperation with the North to try to resolve the nuclear standoff.
President Moon Jae-in has previously floated the idea of a summit with Kim under certain conditions. But his latest comments came a day after the North agreed to send a delegation to next month’s Olympics in South Korea and hold military talks on reducing animosities along their tense border — the measures that Moon’s government has been demanding.
The accords, reached at the rivals’ first meeting in about two years, were widely viewed as a positive step following a year of escalating tension over Kim’s advancing nuclear and missile programs. But critics cautioned against reading too much from the North’s moves because tensions could flare again quickly as Pyongyang still openly seeks to expand its weapons arsenal. They also say Kim may push for better ties with Seoul as North Korea feels the pain of U.S.-led international sanctions.
During a news conference in Seoul, Moon described the North’s Olympic participation as “very desirable,” but said that inter-Korean relations cannot be improved without progress in the nuclear standoff and vice versa.
Moon said North Korea will face harsher international sanctions and pressure if it resorts to fresh provocations, adding that “denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula is the path to peace and our goal.”
Moon, a liberal who favors a peaceful, diplomatic solution to the nuclear issue, still said he “keeps myself open to any meeting including the summit” with Kim if it could help improve inter-Korean ties and resolve the nuclear tension. He said he’ll push for more talks and cooperation with North Korea for the same purpose.
“To have the summit, some conditions must be established. I think a certain level of success must be guaranteed,” Moon said.
U.S. State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert welcomed Tuesday’s Korean talks, which she said were “aimed at ensuring a safe, secure and successful” Olympics. White House spokeswoman Sarah Huckabee Sanders also said the North’s decision to attend the Olympics presents it with an opportunity to see the value of ending its isolation from the rest of the world.
President Donald Trump on Saturday said he was open to talking with Kim himself while expressing hope for progress from the Korean talks. But U.N. Ambassador Nikki Haley later said Washington isn’t changing its conditions on talks with North Korea, saying Kim first needs to stop weapons testing for a “significant amount of time.”
Trump recently also contended his tough stance helped persuade the North to sit down with the South. During Wednesday’s conference, Moon said he feels thankful to Trump for helping make the talks happen.
Under Tuesday’s deal struck at the Koreas’ border village, North Korea will send a delegation of officials, athletes, journalists and others to Pyeongchang. The accord stipulates the two Koreas would “actively cooperate” in the Olympics to “enhance the prestige of the Korean people.”
During the talks, North Korea told the South Korean delegation that they recently restored a military hotline with the South in the second such reopening of an inter-Korean network in about a week, according to South Korean officials. All major communication had been shut down over the North’s nuclear program in recent years. But North Korea reopened one channel last week as signs emerged of improving ties.
The countries have a long history of failing to follow through with rapprochement accords. In 2015, negotiators met for nearly 40 hours before announcing a deal to pull back from a military standoff caused by land mine blasts that maimed two South Korean soldiers. But animosities flared again several months later after the North’s fourth nuclear test.
Last year, North Korea conducted its sixth and most powerful nuclear test and three tests of intercontinental ballistic missiles, and Trump and Kim exchanged bellicose rhetoric and crude insults against each other.
In his New Year’s Day address last week, Kim said he was willing to send a delegation to the Pyeongchang Olympics. Moon welcomed Kim’s outreach and proposed the talks at Panmunjom, a proposal North Korea quickly accepted.